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Lingual retainers are today widely used in the long-term stabilization of incisors. In that they are left in place for a period of years, the question arises to what extent lingual retainers allow sufficient physiological movement. To answer this question first an in-vitro study of the inflexibility of various retainers under horizontal and vertical load(More)
Context: Prior work has revealed that cognitive ability is adaptive and can be improved with cognitive behavioral training methods; however, use of these methods is limited outside of the lab. Objective: To investigate the efficacy of Lumosity, a web-based cognitive training program developed by Lumos Labs to improve attention and memory in healthy adults.(More)
An apparatus for the study of three-dimensional force systems and the resulting movements during orthodontic treatment is presented. The instrument consists of two force-torque transducers which are capable of recording both forces and torques simultaneously, in all spatial directions. Each sensor has a measuring range of 15N (450 Nmm) and a resolution of(More)
The functional magnetic system (FMS) is a removable functional appliance which induces mandibular advance by means of mandibular and maxillary magnets in an attracting configuration. The maxillary and mandibular plates are each equipped with 2 cylindrically shaped cobalt-samarium magnets, 4 mm in diameter and 3 mm in height, which are welded into stainless(More)
The U.S. wind industry experienced a banner year in 2008, once again surpassing even optimistic growth projections from years past. At the same time, the past year has been one of upheaval, with the global financial crisis impacting near-term growth prospects for the wind industry, and with significant federal policy changes enacted to push the industry(More)
From 13 patients a computed tomograph (CT-scan) and a panoramic radiograph (Orthophos, program 1, P1) were examined with respect to the spatial conditions of the lower wisdom teeth. In the panoramic radiograph the available space for the third molars of the lower jaw was determined by calculating the ratio (Q) of 2 distances: the mesiodistal crown diameter(More)
The asymmetric indirect headgear is a frequently used method to achieve an unilateral distalization of a molar. Cases have been observed, however, in which the distalization does not proceed in the way or to the degree predicated by the geometry of the outer bow. Among other factors, this discrepancy can be attributed to the geometry of the inner bow. This(More)
On the basis of lateral cephalograms and computer tomograms (CT) the position of the incisor roots and the bone structure surrounding them were studied. Nine patients each had an axial CT of the mandibular symphysis area and, in addition, 6 of these patients had lateral cephalograms. In order to compare both images, we defined a classification scheme as(More)
Repulsive magnetic appliances can intrude posterior teeth, but create a lateral shift of the mandible and also decrease in force as the mouth opens. To model their optimal use, the 3-D spatial force/displacement (F/D) and moment/displacement (M/D) diagrams of four magnetic repulsive appliances in diverse overlapping arrangements were characterized and(More)