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To investigate cortical auditory and motor coupling in professional musicians, we compared the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity of seven pianists to seven non-musicians utilizing a passive task paradigm established in a previous learning study. The tasks involved either passively listening to short piano melodies or pressing keys on a(More)
Lingual retainers are today widely used in the long-term stabilization of incisors. In that they are left in place for a period of years, the question arises to what extent lingual retainers allow sufficient physiological movement. To answer this question first an in-vitro study of the inflexibility of various retainers under horizontal and vertical load(More)
An apparatus for the study of three-dimensional force systems and the resulting movements during orthodontic treatment is presented. The instrument consists of two force-torque transducers which are capable of recording both forces and torques simultaneously, in all spatial directions. Each sensor has a measuring range of 15N (450 Nmm) and a resolution of(More)
A growing number of studies have reported that mini-implants do not remain in exactly the same position during treatment, although they remain stable. The aim of this review was to collect data regarding primary displacement immediately straight after loading and secondary displacement over time. A systematic review was performed to investigate primary and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this in study was the evaluation of treatment outcomes after using a hybrid hyrax-facemask combination in growing class III patients. METHODS Treatment of 16 children (mean age 9.5±1.3 years) was investigated clinically and by means of pre- and post-treatment cephalograms. Changes in sagittal and vertical, and dental and skeletal(More)
BACKGROUND Protraction facemask has been advocated for treatment of class III malocclusion with maxillary deficiency. Studies using tooth-borne rapid palatal expansion (RPE) appliance as anchorage have experienced side effects such as forward movement of the maxillary molars, excessive proclination of the maxillary incisors, and an increase in lower face(More)
INTRODUCTION Aim of the study was to assess the impact of the length of mini-implants inserted in the midpalatal region on the stability at the initial healing period. METHODS A sample of 20 consecutively treated patients (15.6 ± 7.2 years) was examined. A long mini-implant with a length of 11 mm and a diameter of 2 mm was inserted into the anterior(More)
The functional magnetic system (FMS) is a removable functional appliance which induces mandibular advance by means of mandibular and maxillary magnets in an attracting configuration. The maxillary and mandibular plates are each equipped with 2 cylindrically shaped cobalt-samarium magnets, 4 mm in diameter and 3 mm in height, which are welded into stainless(More)
BACKGROUND Gingival invaginations are a common side effect of orthodontic therapy involving tooth extraction and subsequent space closure. Consequences of gingival invaginations are a jeopardized stability of the space closure and hampered oral hygiene. In a retrospective study, the factor time until initiation of orthodontic space closure after tooth(More)