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Nephronophthisis (NPHP), Joubert (JBTS), and Meckel-Gruber (MKS) syndromes are autosomal-recessive ciliopathies presenting with cystic kidneys, retinal degeneration, and cerebellar/neural tube malformation. Whether defects in kidney, retinal, or neural disease primarily involve ciliary, Hedgehog, or cell polarity pathways remains unclear. Using(More)
—The multiwavelength optical networking (MONET) consortium has demonstrated national-scale optical networking in a multilocation testbed in New Jersey. The demonstration involves transparent optical connections over path lengths as long as 2290 km, through several network elements (NE's) controlled by two interoperating network control and management (NC&M)(More)
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