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Recent evidence indicates that adenosine A2A receptors modulate the activity of striatal neurons, and that antagonists of this receptor may have actions in various animal models related to motor function. Four experiments were conducted to study the effects of systemic injections of the adenosine A2A antagonist KF17837 on the behavioral effects produced by(More)
Middle-latency auditory evoked responses (MLRs) were recorded from infants and adults before and during open heart surgery. Hypothermia was induced through perfusion cooling by cardiopulmonary bypass. In infants deep hypothermia (to 15 degrees C nasopharyngeal temp.) was often followed by the induction of total circulatory arrest. In adults nasopharyngeal(More)
(S,S)-2-(alpha-(2-Fluoromethoxyphenoxy)benzyl)morpholine ((S,S)-FMeNER) was found to be a selective high-affinity ligand for the norepinephrine transporter (NET). (S,S)-FMeNER) was labeled with fluorine-18 (t1/2 = 109.8 min) by O-fluoromethylation of desfluoromethoxy-(S,S)-FMeNER with [18F]bromofluoromethane. An analog, di-deuterated in the fluoromethoxy(More)
The binding of the norepinephrine transporter radioligand, (S,S)-[18F]FMeNER-D2, to human brain post-mortem was examined in vitro by whole hemisphere autoradiography. The rank order for the density of labelling was: locus coeruleus>>cortex approximately cerebellum approximately thalamus>caudate approximately putamen. The NET-selectivity of binding was(More)
A panel of 17 trainee maxillofacial surgeons viewed 23 cases of facial trauma, demonstrated on radiographs, axial CT images and three-dimensional (3D) reformatted CT images in a standardized viewing format under standard conditions. Their diagnostic interpretation, extraction of information relevant to surgical management and subjective evaluation of each(More)
(R)-1-(10,11-Dihydro-dibenzo[b,f]azepin-5-yl)-3-methylamino-propan-2-ol ((R)-OHDMI) and (S,S)-1-cyclopentyl-2-(5-fluoro-2-methoxy-phenyl)-1-morpholin-2-yl-ethanol (CFMME) were synthesized and found to be potent inhibitors of norepinephrine reuptake. Each was labelled efficiently in its methyl group with carbon-11 (t(1/2)=20.4 min) as a prospective(More)
In the present studies we have investigated the effects of a range of glycine site antagonists of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in the gerbil model of global cerebral ischaemia. The compounds tested were (+)-3-amino-1-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidone (HA 966, 15 mg/kg), 7-chloro-4-hydroxy-3-(3-phenoxy)phenyl-2(H)-quinolinone) (L-701,324, 40 mg/kg),(More)
The boundary between the Earth's metallic core and its silicate mantle is characterized by strong lateral heterogeneity and sharp changes in density, seismic wave velocities, electrical conductivity and chemical composition. To investigate the composition and properties of the lowermost mantle, an understanding of the chemical reactions that take place(More)
BACKGROUND Primary endovascular reconstruction with flow diversion represents a fundamental paradigm shift in the technique of endovascular aneurysm treatment. Unlike coil embolization, often there remains residual post-procedural filling within the aneurysm with flow diverters, the curative reconstruction presumably occurring over a period of weeks. Thus,(More)