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Current theories assume that the outer hair cells (OHC) are responsible for the sharp tuning and exquisite sensitivity of the ear whereas inner hair cells (IHC) are mainly responsible for transmitting acoustic information to the central nervous system. To further evaluate this model, we used a single (38 mg/kg) or double dose (38 mg/kg, 2 times) of(More)
This paper will review some of the functional changes that occur in the central auditory pathway after the cochlea is damaged by acoustic overstimulation or by carboplatin, an ototoxic drug that selectively destroys inner hair cells (IHCs) in the chinchilla. Acoustic trauma typically impairs the sensitivity and tuning of auditory nerve fibers and reduces(More)
Maternal exposure to polyhalogenated hydrocarbons results in early postnatal hypothyroxenemia and a low-frequency hearing loss in adult offspring (Goldey et al., 1995a. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 135, 67-76; Herr et al., 1996. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 33, 120-128). The purpose of the present work was to determine whether the site-of-action of this auditory(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide, peroxide and hydroxyl radicals are generated during normal cellular metabolism and are increased in acute injury and in many chronic disease states. When their production is inadequately regulated, ROS accumulate and irreversibly damage cell components, causing impaired cellular function and death.(More)
The hippocampus, a major site of neurogenesis in the adult brain, plays an important role in memory. Based on earlier observations where exposure to high-intensity noise not only caused hearing loss but also impaired memory function, it is conceivably that noise exposure may suppress hippocampal neurogenesis. To evaluate this possibility, nine rats were(More)
Carboplatin preferentially destroys inner hair cells (IHCs) in the chinchilla inner ear, while retaining a near-normal outer hair cell (OHC) population. The present study investigated the functional consequences of IHC loss on the compound action potential (CAP), inferior colliculus potential (ICP) and auditory cortex potential (ACP) recorded from(More)
Carboplatin preferentially destroys inner hair cells (IHCs) and type-I spiral ganglion neurons while sparing outer hair cells (OHCs). Loss of IHCs and type-I ganglion cells is associated with a significant reduction of the compound action potential (CAP). However, the cochlear microphonic (CM) potential and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs)(More)
The outer hair cells (OHCs) are thought to be the dominant source of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in the mammalian cochlea; however, little is known about the quantitative relationship between reduction in DPOAE amplitude and the degree of inner hair cell (IHC) and OHC loss. To examine this relationship, we measured the DPOAE(More)
The relative contribution of inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs) to the production of the summating potential (SP) is unresolved in the literature. Since OHCs in the base of the cochlea have been reported to produce little dc receptor potential except at very high sound pressure levels [I. J. Russell and P. M. Sellick, J. Physiol (London)(More)
We examined the relationship between carboplatin dose and pattern of IHC and OHC loss in five groups of chinchillas treated with carboplatin: (I) single dose, 38 mg/kg, (II) double dose, 38 mg/kg, (III) double dose, 63 mg/kg, (IV) double dose, 75 mg/kg, and (V) double dose, 100 mg/kg. The pattern of IHC loss was relatively uniform along the length of the(More)