D D Poutsiaka

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OBJECTIVE Vancomycin resistant enterococcal (VRE) blood stream infection (BSI) in neutropenic patients is associated with poor outcome. We report our experience in treating VRE BSI in febrile, neutropenic patients with daptomycin, a recently licensed lipopeptide with bactericidal activity against VRE. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with fever, neutropenia(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent stimulator of IL-8 production by fibroblasts and monocytes. In the present study, we asked how much of endotoxin (LPS)-induced IL-8 production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was due to IL-1 induced by LPS. Cells were stimulated with either IL-1 beta, LPS, or Borrelia burgdorferi, and total IL-8 was determined by(More)
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) is a 22-Kd protein that shares homology with IL-1 beta, binds to the IL-1 receptor, but has no known agonist properties. This inhibitor appears to be the first cytokine whose sole function is to block the actions of another cytokine. Exogenous IL-1ra administration has been shown to reduce mortality in experimental(More)
The beta-glucan receptor, found on monocytes and neutrophils, binds glucose polymers derived from fungi. Ligands for the receptor have various immunomodulatory effects, including increased microbicidal killing activity. We have investigated the effect of beta-glucans on the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and its naturally occurring inhibitor, the IL-1(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection or receipt of a CMV-seropositive donor liver has been shown to be an independent predictor of bacteremia in orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients. However, prevention of CMV infection through use of intense CMV prophylaxis has not been examined to assess the impact on bacteremia in liver transplant(More)
Cytokines, i.e., regulatory proteins derived primarily (but not exclusively) from cells of the immune system, are receiving increasing attention for their influences on physiological processes. This paper outlines several of the unique characteristics of cytokines and discusses the pitfalls encountered when measuring them in biological fluids. At present,(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) gene expression and synthesis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). IL-1 can also induce PBMC to synthesize IL-1 and TNF alpha. In the present study, we used IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) to determine the relative contribution of an(More)
We studied the relationship between the production of the 23-Kd interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and IL-1 beta in cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using a specific radioimmunoassay for IL-1ra that had a sensitivity of 166 +/- 11 pg/mL. PBMC cultured without human serum made little IL-1ra or IL-1 beta. In the presence of(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis. IL-1-receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) is a naturally occurring inhibitor of IL-1 activity that competes with IL-1 for occupancy of cell-surface receptors but possesses no agonist activity. We induced endotoxaemia in 9 healthy human volunteers by injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin, and(More)
BACKGROUND Although Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103 (LGG) has been consumed by 2 to 5 million people daily since the mid 1990s, there are few clinical trials describing potential harms of LGG, particularly in the elderly. OBJECTIVES The primary objective of this open label clinical trial is to assess the safety and tolerability of 1×1010 colony(More)