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We compared intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in dogs after inflating a subdural intracranial balloon to increase ICP to 20 mm Hg, inducing hemorrhagic shock (mean arterial pressure [MAP] of 55 mm Hg), and infusing a single bolus of fluid consisting of either 54 mL/kg of 0.8% saline (SAL), 6 mL/kg of 7.2% hypertonic saline (HS), 20%(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pial arterioles transiently dilate during cortical spreading depression (CSD), although the mechanisms are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that increased production of nitric oxide (NO) promotes arteriolar dilation. METHODS Urethane-anesthetized rabbits were equipped with cranial windows, and the diameter (reported in micrometers)(More)
Temporary elevations in cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) accompany cortical spreading depression (CSD) in anesthetized animals. We tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) is an important promotor of CSD-induced cortical hyperemia in urethan-anesthetized rabbits. CBF was measured at four time points by administration of 15-microm microspheres with the(More)
Hemorrhage after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in cats produces significant decreases in cerebral oxygen delivery (DcereO2) and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. To determine whether effective treatments for the separate insults of TBI and hemorrhagic shock would also prove effective after the clinically relevant combination of the two, we measured the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Acute anemia may lead to erroneously low arterial reference sample concentrations of radioactive microspheres, depending on the sampling rate and the size of the artery from which the reference samples are withdrawn. Because this error would lead to falsely high cerebral blood flow values in studies involving hemodilution caused by(More)
To determine if hypertonic and hyperoncotic resuscitation solutions exerted comparable effects on cerebral hemodynamics following hemorrhagic shock, we compared randomly assigned, equal volumes (6.0 ml/kg) of hypertonic (7.2%) saline (HS) and hyperoncotic (20%) hydroxyethyl starch (HES) for resuscitation from acute experimental hemorrhage in 12 anesthetized(More)
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