D. Chourrout

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Sporadic diploid gynogenetic fry resulted from fertilization with gamma-irradiated sperm. Their frequency increased appreciably when thermal shock treatments, beginning during the first hour of development (--0.4 degrees C lasting 6 hrs 45 min; 26-30 degrees C lasting 10 min), were used. When the eggs were fertilized with normal sperm, a good(More)
First generation tetraploids were produced by hydrostatic pressure treatment before the first cleavage and raised until the adult stage. Their survival and growth were severely depressed when compared to the diploid control: after two years, no ovulated females were found although males produced sperm at 1 and 2 years of age and were mated individually with(More)
Gynogenetic rainbow trout lines can be produced easily with the simple UV sperm irradiation technique detailed in this study. The dose effect on embryonic survival rate is called a pseudo "Hertwig effect" because of major differences with results of gamma irradiation: Some mixing of various karyotypes (from diploid to haploid number) were obtained with mean(More)
Nine induced tetraploid females were artificially inseminated by UV-irradiated sperm collected from diploid males, in order to induce the gynogenetic development of their ova. Most of the resulting embryos were diploid (or minor aneuploids). Several gynogenetic tetraploids, likely to issue from unreduced ova, were also detected in these progenies. The same(More)
Genome clones and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the ascidian Ciona intestinalis and from the larvacean Oikopleura dioica were analysed for the presence of lysozyme-encoding genes. Two genes were found to potentially code for goose-type lysozymes in Oikopleura, while three or possibly more g-type proteins form the lysozyme complement of C.(More)
Rainbow trout eggs were fertilized with milt collected from various salmanids (brown trout Salmo trutta ; brook trout Salvelinus lontinaliv ; coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch) and heat-shocked few minutes later in order to prevent the second polar body extrusion. This operation resulted in high survival rates after 161 days : respectively 49.2 p. 100, 66.2(More)
We attempted to produce transgenic rainbow trout embryos by fertilizing eggs with sperm incubated with linearized plasmids. One experiment was conducted with the construct pBGH7 in the medium MMSF, with or without DMSO, at 2 concentrations of sperm cells and a relatively low concentration of DNA. The DNA was also in contact with the eggs during insemination(More)
Gynogenesis could be an efficient way for producing inbred lines in commercial fish species. Gamma-irradiation of sperm gives haploid embryos that all die without hatching; in the present study, we optimized heat treatment of the eggs, in order to produce high rates of diploid gynogenetics. When the eggs are heated to 26 °C for 20 min after 25 min of(More)
Gene segregation at six protein loci was analysed in progeny from tetraploid males and females obtained by suppression of first mitosis. The triploid full-sib families from five tetraploid males and the diploid gynogenetic lines from four tetraploid females were examined. The proportions of heterozygous gametes (0.83 on the average) were significantly(More)
Dietary administration of various estrogens for three months from swim-up stage resulted in excess of females, the remainder of the treated groups consisting of males and hermaphrodites. Mature hermaphrodites were self-fertilized or mated with standard males and females. These hermaphrodites and some of the estrogen-treated females proved to be genetic(More)