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Five experiments were conducted to evaluate the potential use of plasma urea N (PUN) concentrations as a rapid response criterion to determine amino acid requirements. A preliminary experiment (Exp. 1) indicated that a 3-d feeding time was required to re-equilibrate PUN concentrations after a change in the dietary concentration of lysine. In Exp. 2, 3, and(More)
Functional genomics, including analysis of the transcriptome and proteome, provides new opportunities for understanding the molecular processes in muscle and how these influence its conversion to meat. The Quality Pork Genes project was established to identify genes associated with variation in different aspects of raw material (muscle) quality and to then(More)
Five porcine genetic lines which represent a high proportion of European pig production were fully characterized for meat quality parameters and muscle biochemical characteristics (Longissimus thoracis, LT, and Semimembranosus, SM). The line characterisation was based on 100 animals each representing Large White, Landrace, Duroc, Piétrain (Halothane(More)
Pregnant sow nutrition has potential effects on the muscle fiber development of progeny in utero. A total of 199 Landrace x Large White sows from parities 0 to 6 and their offspring were used to evaluate the effects of increasing the feeding amount during midpregnancy on the muscle tissue, growth performance, and meat quality of the progeny. The experiment(More)
It is important for the meat industry, including pig farmers and breeding companies, to know the composition of the carcass including the proportions of the different commercial cuts when making decisions on the type of pigs to be produced and marketed. Carcass composition is influenced significantly by the genotype of the animals. The aim of this work was(More)
Pigs from crosses of a Piétrain (Pi) and a Large White×Piétrain (LwPi) heterozygous (Nn) boar lines with Landrace×Large White homozygous negative (NN) sows, were used to study the effect of halothane gene and pre-slaughter treatment on animal welfare and meat quality. A total of 83 gilts (47 NN and 36 Nn) were assigned to a long treatment (3 h 15 min(More)
Stress neuroendocrine systems (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic nervous system) were studied in 100 female pigs from each of the five main genetic lines used in Europe for pork production: Piétrain, Large White, Landrace, Duroc and Meishan. Levels of cortisol and catecholamines were measured in urine collected at the farm, after(More)
The relationship between muscle biochemical traits, myosin heavy chain I and meat quality of longissimus thoracis was studied using gilts from five divergent porcine lines (A to E) (carcass weight: 83.7±8.7 kg). Intramuscular fat (IMF) and haem pigments content as well as myosin heavy chain 1 (MyHC I) percentage and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase(More)
We studied the effect of reduced feed intake on the lysine requirement of pigs at the early growing (G) and finishing (F) phases. Two sets of 40 individually penned crossbred barrows averaging 27.1 +/- .2 (G) and 92.6 +/- 1.1 kg BW (F) were fed five dietary treatments (G; .75, .90, 1.05, 1.20, 1.35%; and F: .45, .60, .75, .90, 1.05% lysine) at two feeding(More)
The dietary lysine requirement of adult sows nursing 10 pigs was estimated by using plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) concentration as a rapid response criterion. A preliminary experiment indicated that a 3-d feeding time is required to re-equilibrate PUN concentrations after a change in the dietary concentration of lysine. In the main experiment, 12 sows (BW =(More)