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We present a synthesis of clinical, neuropathological, and biological details of the National Institutes of Health series of 300 experimentally transmitted cases of spongiform encephalopathy from among more than 1,000 cases of various neurological disorders inoculated into nonhuman primates during the past 30 years. The series comprises 278 subjects with(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), previously regarded as a neurodegenerative disorder strictly of the gray matter, occasionally occurs as a panencephalopathic form which is characterized by severe white matter damage. An ultrastructural study of the white matter pathology in mice experimentally infected with the Fujisaki strain of CJD virus revealed: (1)(More)
An American family of English origin with an unusually early onset and long-duration form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) had a heterozygous insert mutation in the region of repeating octapeptide coding sequences between codons 51 and 91 of the PRNP gene on chromosome 20. Affected members were 23 to 35 years old at the onset of illnesses that lasted from(More)
We report a family in which the proband died of clinically typical, neuropathologically verified Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease; her still-living mother suffers from a progressive dementia of many years' duration, and her maternal grandfather died after a similar illness. The proband, her mother, and two of three young first-degree relatives all have an(More)
We report the finding of an insert mutation in the chromosome 20 amyloid precursor gene in a family with neuropathologically-verified, experimentally-transmitted Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS). The insert consisted of 8 extra copies of a repeating octapeptide coding sequence in the region between codons 51 and 91; it was identified in the(More)
The worldwide epidemiology of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is presented from an analysis of 1,435 patients. In the United States, the average annual mortality rate is at least 0.26 deaths per million. Temporal-spatial clustering of cases was not found in the United States, but reports from other countries indicate that such clustering does occur. Fifteen(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), a cerebello-pyramidal syndrome associated with dementia and caused by mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP), is phenotypically heterogeneous. The molecular mechanisms responsible for such heterogeneity are unknown. Since we hypothesize that prion protein (PrP) heterogeneity may be associated with(More)
We report the distribution and imaging of calcium and aluminum in neurofibrillary tangle (NFT)-bearing neurons within Sommer's sector of the hippocampus in Guamanian patients with parkinsonism-dementia, using a method of computer-controlled electron beam x-ray micro-analysis and wavelength dispersive spectrometry. Calcium and aluminum were distributed in(More)
We report sequential studies of the ultrastructural neuropathology of the subcortical grey matter of hamsters infected with the 263K strain of scrapie virus. Vacuolation in this model develops relatively late in the incubation period, while tubulovesicular structures appear early. Furthermore, neuroaxonal dystrophy, accumulations of branching tubules, and(More)