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Continuum robots, which are composed of multiple concentric, precurved elastic tubes, can provide dexterity at diameters equivalent to standard surgical needles. Recent mechanics-based models of these "active cannulas" are able to accurately describe the curve of the robot in free space, given the preformed tube curves and the linear and angular positions(More)
— We describe transnasal skull base surgery, including the current clinical procedure and the ways in which a robotic system has the potential to enhance the current standard of care. The available workspace is characterized by segmenting medical images and reconstructing the available 3D geometry. We then describe thin, " tentacle-like " robotic tools with(More)
Robots consisting of several concentric, preshaped, elastic tubes can work dexterously in narrow, constrained, and/or winding spaces, as are commonly found in minimally invasive surgery. Previous models of these "active cannulas" assume piecewise constant precurvature of component tubes and neglect torsion in curved sections of the device. In this paper we(More)
Seven years ago, concentric tube robots were essentially unknown in robotics, yet today one would be hard pressed to find a major medical robotics forum that does not include several presentations on them. Indeed, we now stand at a noteworthy moment in the history of these robots. The recent maturation of foundational models has created new opportunities(More)
Dexterous at small diameters, continuum robots consisting of precurved concentric tubes are well-suited for minimally invasive surgery. These active cannulas are actuated by relative translations and rotations applied at the tube bases, which create bending via elastic tube interaction. An accurate kinematic model of cannula shape is required for(More)
— Kinematic models that account for deformation due to applied loads have recently been developed for a variety of continuum robots. In these cases, a set of nonlinear differential equations with boundary conditions must often be solved to obtain the robot shape. Thus, computing manipulator Jacobians and compliance matrices efficiently is not(More)
— Active cannulas are meso-scale continuum robots, enabling dexterity in diameters from hundreds of microns to tens of centimeters. Constructed from telescoping, concentric, precurved, superelastic tubes, they exhibit " snake-like " dexterity with a form factor similar to a needle, making them well-suited for applications in minimally invasive surgery. Such(More)
Mechanics-based models of concentric tube continuum robots have recently achieved a level of sophistication that makes it possible to begin to apply these robots to a variety of real-world clinical scenarios. Endonasal skull base surgery is one such application, where their small diameter and tentacle like dexterity are particularly advantageous. In this(More)
— This paper presents a versatile magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible concentric tube continuum robotic system. The system enables MR image-guided placement of a curved, steerable active cannula. It is suitable for a variety of clinical applications including image-guided neurosurgery and percutaneous interventions, along with procedures that(More)
Steerability in percutaneous medical devices is highly desirable, enabling a needle or needle-like instrument to avoid sensitive structures (e.g. nerves or blood vessels), access obstructed anatomical targets, and compensate for the inevitable errors induced by registration accuracy thresholds and tissue deformation during insertion. Thus, mechanisms for(More)