D C Zellner

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Based on multiple studies, clear, guided anticoagulation therapy is recommended for patients with atrial fibrillation. The value of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial flutter, however, is less well established. Little is known about the incidence of thromboembolism in patients with atrial flutter. We evaluated the risk of thromboembolism in 191(More)
A pharmacodynamic parameter relating time-dependent changes of the effect with time-dependent changes of concentrations has yet to be developed. In pharmacokinetics, half-lives (T1/2kin) are used to describe the relation between concentration (C) and time (t). In pharmacodynamics, often the sigmoid Emax model and the Hill equation are used (E = Emax(More)
BACKGROUND Subtherapeutic drug dosing may be even more dangerous than overdosage, especially for intensive care patients requiring hemofiltration. PROPOSAL According to Dettli's fundamental equation, body clearance of any drug (Cl) is a linear function of creatinine clearance (Cl = Cl anur + a x C(Cr)), with [a = (Cl norm - Cl anur)/C(Cr), norm]. We(More)
UNLABELLED Non-linear phenomena are observed with enzyme kinetics, protein binding, pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics. The Hill equation, the Michaelis-Menten equation extended by a power coefficient, is traditionally used for sigmoid curve fitting. Sigmoid saturation phenomena can also be described by exponential functions (1-exp), extended by a power(More)
BACKGROUND The accumulated knowledge on drugs can be used for an individual drug dosage adjustment if it is placed at our disposal in an informatically structured form. THEORY AND METHODS We have started building up a pharmacokinetic database aimed at adjusting drug dosages, in exemplary form, to patients with renal impairment. Parameters needed for the(More)
To our knowledge, blastic transformation of splenic marginal zone lymphoma, a recently characterized low-grade lymphoproliferative disorder, has not been reported previously. In this regard, we report the unique case of a 70-year-old woman whose untreated splenic marginal zone lymphoma underwent blastic transformation 3 years after diagnosis. Her(More)
To test the hypothesis that impairment in bone formation in renal osteodystrophy in adults with chronic renal failure (CRF) might be mediated in part by alterations in circulating levels of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system components, we compared serum levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3, IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 in adults with CRF(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the elimination half-life of most glucocorticoids is short, they are usually administered once daily, or even on alternate days. Our hypothesis was that this practice might compromise the immunosuppressive effect of those drugs during the second part of the administration interval. METHODS Eight healthy male volunteers were randomly(More)