D. C. Swailes

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Lines of action of muscle forces imply the function and performance of muscles acting around joints. It is not always possible to determine muscle force lines of action in vivo, and so computational techniques are often used to predict them. It is common to model a muscle as a taut elastic string that follows the shortest geodesic path between attachments(More)
One of the most important aspects of the modelling of musculoskeletal systems is the determination of muscle moment arms which are dependent upon the paths of the muscles. These paths are often required to wrap around passive structures that can be modelled as simple geometric shapes. A novel technique for the prediction of the paths of muscles modelled as(More)
In this work, a method to infer 3D dimensions of flat objects from a single image is presented. The idea is based on the computation of position of a reference object lying in space. A sheet of A4 paper is used as the reference object and the camera is calibrated using the four corners of the paper. Once the position of reference paper is known, further(More)
Important features associated with the segregration of particles in turbulent flow are investigated by considering the statistical distribution (phase-space number density) of particles subject to the combined effects of straining flow and stochastic forcing. A Fokker-Planck model is used to obtain results for the phase-space distributions of particles that(More)
The dispersion of passive scalars and inertial particles in a turbulent flow can be described in terms of probability density functions (PDFs) defining the statistical distribution of relevant scalar or particle variables. The construction of transport equations governing the evolution of such PDFs has been the subject of numerous studies, and various(More)
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