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We have analyzed the biophysical and pharmacological properties of five cloned K+ (Kv) channels (Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.3, Kv1.5, and Kv3.1) stably expressed in mammalian cell lines. Kv1.1 is biophysically similar to a K+ channel in C6 glioma cells and astrocytes, Kv1.3 and Kv3.1 have electrophysiological properties identical to those of the types n and l K+(More)
The nonpeptide agent CP-339,818 (1-benzyl-4-pentylimino-1,4-dihydroquinoline) and two analogs (CP-393,223 and CP-394,322) that differ only with respect to the type of substituent at the N1 position, potently blocked the Kv1.3 channel in T lymphocytes. A fourth compound (CP-393,224), which has a smaller and less-lipophilic group at N1, was 100-200-fold less(More)
The architecture of the pore-region of a voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv1.3, was probed using four high affinity scorpion toxins as molecular calipers. We established the structural relatedness of these toxins by solving the structures of kaliotoxin and margatoxin and comparing them with the published structure of charybdotoxin; a homology model of noxiustoxin(More)
1. UK-78,282, a novel piperidine blocker of the T lymphocyte voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv1.3, was discovered by screening a large compound file using a high-throughput 86Rb efflux assay. This compound blocks Kv1.3 with a IC50 of approximately 200 nM and 1:1 stoichiometry. A closely related compound, CP-190,325, containing a benzyl moiety in place of the(More)
As part of a map-based cloning strategy designed to isolate the root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi, tomato F2 populations were analyzed in order to identify recombination points close to this economically important gene. A total of 21,089 F2 progeny plants were screened using morphological markers. An additional 1887 F2 were screened using PCR-based(More)
The effect of a high-fat, high-beef diet and of method of preparation of beef in the diet on the fecal bile acids and neutral sterols and on the activities of fecal bacterial beta-glucuronidase, cholesterol dehydrogenase and 7 alpha-dehydroxylase was studied in healthy men and women, 24-41 years old, who were consuming a customary mixed-western diet. The(More)
A novel DNA aptamer beacon is described for quantification of a 26-amino acid C-telopeptide (CTx) of human type I bone collagen. One aptamer sequence and its reverse complement dominated the aptamer pool (31.6% of sequenced clones). Secondary structures of these aptamers were examined for potential binding pockets. Three-dimensional computer models which(More)
The proposed activation mechanism is based upon several key concepts, including the "S"-structure for the folding of the C1r2C1s2 tetramer among the C1q arms [Poon, et al., J. molec. Biol. 168, 563-577 (1983)]; the locations of the catalytic domains on the tetramer and the resulting functional relevance of the "S"-structure [Colomb et al., Phil. Trans. R.(More)
Tremelimumab (CP-675,206) is a fully human monoclonal antibody specific for human cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4, CD152) in clinical development for patients with cancer. Blocking the CTLA-4 negative costimulatory receptor with the antagonistic antibody tremelimumab results in immune activation. Administration of tremelimumab to(More)