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OBJECTIVES To briefly review the mathematical background of beam-hardening artifacts in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-reconstruction and to investigate geometrical properties relevant for these reconstruction errors. By means of simulated and experimental results, beam-hardening effects caused by titanium implants are evaluated. MATERIALS AND(More)
AIM To investigate the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessing furcation involvement (FI) and concomitant treatment decisions in maxillary molars. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve patients with generalized chronic periodontitis were consecutively recruited and CBCT was performed in maxillary molars (n=22) with clinical FI and increased probing(More)
Cone beam computed tomography allows high quality 3D images of cranio-facial structures. Although detail resolution is increased, x-ray exposition is reduced compared to classic computer tomography. The volume is analysed in three orthogonal plains, which can be rotated independently without quality loss. Cone beam computed tomography seems to be a less(More)
AIM The aim of the present in situ study was to investigate ultrastructural alterations as well as protective properties of the pellicle layer during consumption of acidic beverages. METHODS Bovine enamel slabs were fixed on buccal and palatal aspects of individual splints and exposed in the oral cavities of three subjects for 120 min. In the following,(More)
The purpose of this study was to generate three-dimensional models based on digital volumetric data that can be used in basic and advanced education. Four sets of digital volumetric data were established by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) (Accuitomo, J. Morita, Kyoto, Japan). Datasets were exported as Dicom formats and imported into Mimics and Magic(More)
The increase of international movements has led to a greater demand for forensic age estimation of foreigners without valid identification documents. Age estimation on living individuals is part of asylum and criminal proceedings. Age estimation has become also important within identification of victims, because of the fact of increasing natural disasters(More)
Panoramic radiography is a basic diagnostic tool in the dental field where calcifications are seen occasionally in the lateral parts of the x-ray. The differential diagnosis are carotid artery atheromas, calcified submandibular lymphnodes and sialoliths of the submandibular gland. 4007 panoramic radiographs (100%) from patients >40 years were scanned(More)
Three series of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) patient data sets were obtained. These data were exported into DICOM and MIMICS (Materialise's Interactive Medical Image Control System; Materialise, Leuven, Belgium) and were imported for differentiation of various tissues (bone, teeth, and nerve). After transferring the data to an additive manufacturing(More)
The influence of spermine (Spr) on riboflavin (Rb) and riboflavin-tryptophan (Rb-Trp) solutions irradiated at 450 nm under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was studied. In both systems, it is shown that Spr interacts with 3Rb probably giving spermine-derived and flavin-derived radicals. In the presence of oxygen, modified Rb is regenerated with the(More)
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