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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Primary angiitis of the central nervous system of childhood (cPACNS) is a rare and ill-defined disease. In the absence of a brain biopsy, the diagnosis is based on typical clinical and imaging abnormalities. The aim of this study was to analyze systematically the MR imaging and MR angiographic (MRA) abnormalities in a large cohort of(More)
Although the development of tonsillar herniation (acquired Chiari malformation) in association with lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting is well recognized, it has previously been considered rare. In order to ascertain the incidence of this complication after LP shunting, the authors undertook a retrospective study of all patients in whom this form of shunt had(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to determine and compare imaging correlates in pediatric patients who underwent successful or failed endoscopic third ventriculostomies (ETVs). To this end, the authors measured ventricular size changes and the presence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow void in both groups of children following ETV. METHODS Images(More)
OBJECTIVE Malignant spinal cord astrocytomas are rare tumors and their specific MR characteristics have not been previously described. We present a detailed MR analysis of four children with malignant astrocytoma. METHODS A review of the clinical database at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto revealed four patients with histologically-verified(More)
Epileptiform activity corresponding to structural lesions was identified by three-dimensional (3D) imaging using computed tomographic (CT) scan data concurrently with scalp EEG electrodes. The electrodes, placed according to the international 10-20 system, were used to record interictal and ictal epileptogenic foci in eight patients. Electrodes placed where(More)
A subgroup of children with arterial ischemic stroke in the pre- or perinatal period present with delayed diagnosis. We identified 22 children who met the following criteria: (1) normal neonatal neurological history, (2) hemiparesis and/or seizures first recognized after two months of age, and (3) computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging showing(More)
INTRODUCTION The frontal and occipital horn ration (FOR) has recently been described as a simple, linear measurement of ventricular size that correlates very well with ventricular volume. This study further characterizes the measurement properties of the FOR by investigating its interobserver reliability and comparing it to a subjective assessment of(More)
Twenty children with partial epilepsy who had surgery between the ages of 4 1/2 months and 18 years were studied preoperatively with electroencephalography (EEG), computed tomography (CT), and technetium-99m hexamethylpropyleneamineoxime 99mTc-HmPAO single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT; 20 interictal, 4 postictal). Fourteen had magnetic(More)
Recent studies of Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy have focused on abnormalities of the basement membrane in muscle and brain. The cerebral cortex has a unique basement membrane at the glia limitans, which is intimately related to astrocytes in the developing brain, and the basement membrane may be partially produced by the astrocyte. In this study(More)
Primary cerebellar glioblastomas multiforme are exceedingly rare in children. The authors therefore retrospectively characterized the clinical behavior and pathological features of these tumors. A review of the database at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada revealed four patients with cerebellar tumors that displayed significant pleomorphism,(More)