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Human neutrophil (PMN) attachment to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) was evaluated in vitro using two MAbs, R6-5-D6 and RR1/1, that recognize intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and one MAb, TS1/18, that recognizes CD18. Pretreatment of the HUVEC with anti-ICAM-1 MAbs produced greater than 50% inhibition of attachment to HUVEC, and(More)
The adherence of human neutrophils to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) is partially dependent on the CD11/CD18 family of glycoproteins on the neutrophil and ICAM-1 on the HUVEC. The CD18 heterodimer involved in this adherence was evaluated in vitro using subunit-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). The adherence of unstimulated neutrophils(More)
Neutrophil function was investigated in a male child with glycogenosis type Ib who demonstrated susceptibility to staphylococcal infections and neutropenia. Random motility and directed migration of the patient's neutrophils in vitro were profoundly diminished. The patient's neutrophils stimulated in suspension with chemotactic factors (CFs) generated(More)
The effects of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, synthetic decapeptide luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone-releasing hormone (LH/FSH-RH), have been studied in 18 normal men and five women in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle. Rapid and dose-dependent (25 to 100 mug) increases in serum immunoreactive LH were seen, which reached a(More)
The association of neutropenia with type IB glycogen storage disease was observed in siblings. Biochemical studies of liver demonstrated a defect in glucose-6-phosphate transport. Neutrophil mobilization in vivo was impaired but the bone marrow was normal histologically. In vitro studies of neutrophils indicated a defect in random and directed cell(More)
Studies on human postmortem material report lower brain weights in older than in younger cohorts, whereas there is no apparent change with age in the rhesus monkey. In view of these contrasting results, we examined the pattern of brain weight across the life span in the chimpanzee, one of the closest biological relatives of humans. To place the study in(More)
P-selectin (CD62P), a Ca(2+)-dependent lectin expressed on activated platelets and endothelial cells, functions as a receptor for myeloid and monocytoid cells. Previous reports have described a homodimeric sialoglycoprotein from human leukocytes and HL-60 cells specifically recognized by P-selectin. We describe here a panel of monoclonal antibodies prepared(More)
Human neutrophils (PMN) express a heterodimeric receptor that has ligand binding specificity for the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence within many adhesive proteins. A monoclonal antibody, B6H12, which binds to this receptor, inhibits both RGD-mediated ligand binding and stimulation of IgG-mediated phagocytosis by fibronectin, fibrinogen, vitronectin, von(More)
Cardiac lymph from a canine model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion was examined for evidence of chemotactic activity. Lymph was continuously collected from awake animals before and during a 60-minute coronary artery occlusion and up to 6 hours after the initiation of reperfusion. It was assessed for the ability to activate the following(More)
An enigmatic feature of age-related neurodegenerative diseases is that they seldom, if ever, are fully manifested in nonhuman species under natural conditions. The neurodegenerative tauopathies are typified by the intracellular aggregation of hyperphosphorylated microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) and the dysfunction and death of affected neurons. We(More)