Learn More
In mammals, the mechanisms triggering initiation of follicular growth remain largely unknown. The present study constitutes an attempt to relate morphological and functional changes occuring in follicles at the time of transition from the nongrowing to the early growing stage. The population of very small follicles, including both nongrowing and early(More)
The cholesterol content of the sperm membrane is regulated during both maturation in the epididymis and capacitation in the female tract, two processes required for the spermatozoa to acquire their fertilising ability. Because Niemann-Pick disease, type C2 (NPC2) protein is one of the most abundant components of the epididymal fluid and contains a(More)
Nicotine, the most important neuroteratogen of tobacco smoke, can reproduce brain and cognitive disturbances per se when administered prenatally. However, it is still unknown if paracrine signaling among brain cells participates in prenatal nicotine-induced brain impairment of adult offspring. Paracrine signaling is partly mediated by unopposed channels(More)
Cholesterol has evolved to fulfill sophisticated biophysical, cell signalling, and endocrine functions in animal systems. At the cellular level, cholesterol is found in membranes where it increases both bilayer stiffness and impermeability to water and ions. Furthermore, cholesterol is integrated into specialized lipid-protein membrane microdomains with(More)
OBJECTIVE Infants born from overweight and obese mothers with glucose-controlled gestational diabetes (GDM) tend to be large-for-gestational age (LGA). It is hypothesized that this is due to an excessive rise in maternal triglyceride levels. METHODS Two-hundred and seventy nine singleton GDM pregnancies were divided into three groups according to(More)
The HDL receptor scavenger receptor, class B type I (SR-BI) controls the structure and fate of plasma HDL. Female SR-BI KO mice are infertile, apparently because of their abnormal cholesterol-enriched HDL particles. We examined the growth and meiotic progression of SR-BI KO oocytes and found that they underwent normal germinal vesicle breakdown; however,(More)
Niemann Pick C2 (NPC2) and NPC1 proteins function cooperatively to catalyze cholesterol efflux from lysosomes. NPC1 is expressed in ovarian cells and female NPC1 mice are infertile. This work addressed for the first time the localization and function of murine NPC2 protein in the ovary. Ovarian NPC2 was localized to theca and luteal cells, which use(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are major carriers of cholesterol in the bloodstream and are critical in regulating cholesterol homeostasis in vivo. The first molecularly well-defined and physiologically relevant HDL receptor to be characterized was the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), a cell surface glycoprotein most highly expressed in liver(More)
Cholesterol has evolved to fulfill sophisticated biophysical, cell signaling and endocrine requirements of animal systems. At a cellular level, cholesterol is found in membranes, where it increases both bilayer stiffness and impermeability to water and ions. Furthermore, cholesterol is integrated into specialized lipid-protein membrane microdomains with(More)
The susceptibility to develop atherosclerosis is increased by intrauterine growth restriction and prenatal exposure to maternal hypercholesterolemia. Here, we studied whether mouse gestational hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis affected fetal development and growth at different stages of gestation. Female LDLR KO mice fed a proatherogenic, high(More)