D Busso

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Nicotine, the most important neuroteratogen of tobacco smoke, can reproduce brain and cognitive disturbances per se when administered prenatally. However, it is still unknown if paracrine signaling among brain cells participates in prenatal nicotine-induced brain impairment of adult offspring. Paracrine signaling is partly mediated by unopposed channels(More)
In mammals, the mechanisms triggering initiation of follicular growth remain largely unknown. The present study constitutes an attempt to relate morphological and functional changes occuring in follicles at the time of transition from the nongrowing to the early growing stage. The population of very small follicles, including both nongrowing and early(More)
Testicular protein Tpx-1, also known as CRISP-2, is a cysteine-rich secretory protein specifically expressed in the male reproductive tract. Since the information available on the human protein is limited to the identification and expression of its gene, in this work we have studied the presence and localization of human Tpx-1 (TPX1) in sperm, its fate(More)
Mammalian fertilization is a complex multi-step process mediated by different molecules present on both gametes. CRISP1 (cysteine-rich secretory protein 1) is an epididymal protein thought to participate in gamete fusion through its binding to egg-complementary sites. Structure-function studies using recombinant fragments of CRISP1 as well as synthetic(More)
Niemann Pick C2 (NPC2) and NPC1 proteins function cooperatively to catalyze cholesterol efflux from lysosomes. NPC1 is expressed in ovarian cells and female NPC1 mice are infertile. This work addressed for the first time the localization and function of murine NPC2 protein in the ovary. Ovarian NPC2 was localized to theca and luteal cells, which use(More)
The susceptibility to develop atherosclerosis is increased by intrauterine growth restriction and prenatal exposure to maternal hypercholesterolemia. Here, we studied whether mouse gestational hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis affected fetal development and growth at different stages of gestation. Female LDLR KO mice fed a proatherogenic, high(More)
The srbi gene encodes a lipoprotein receptor with high affinity for high density lipoprotein that is mainly expressed in the liver and in steroidogenic tissues. Disruption of this gene in mice and mutations in humans lead to alterations in lipoprotein metabolism and/or fertility. During murine development, scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI) is(More)
High circulating nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) concentration, often reported in diabetes, leads to impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) through not yet well-defined mechanisms. Serotonin and dopamine might contribute to NEFA-dependent β-cell dysfunction, since extracellular signal of these monoamines decreases GSIS. Moreover,(More)
The HDL receptor scavenger receptor, class B type I (SR-BI) controls the structure and fate of plasma HDL. Female SR-BI KO mice are infertile, apparently because of their abnormal cholesterol-enriched HDL particles. We examined the growth and meiotic progression of SR-BI KO oocytes and found that they underwent normal germinal vesicle breakdown; however,(More)
AIMS Pancreatic β-cells synthesize and release serotonin (5 hydroxytryptamine, 5HT); however, the role of 5HT receptors on glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and the mechanisms mediating this function is not fully understood. The aims of this study were to determine the expression profile of 5HT receptors in murine MIN6 β-cells and to examine the(More)