Hereditary canine spinal muscular atrophy (HCSMA) features rapidly progressive muscle weakness that affects muscles in an apparent proximal-to-distal gradient. In the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle of homozygous HCSMA animals, motor unit tetanic failure is apparent before the appearance of muscle weakness and appears to be presynaptic in origin. We… (More)
While affect and emotion have been theoretically linked to leadership for decades, only recently has this relationship come under empirical scrutiny. The current research examines the effects of emotional contagion on follower affect at work and examines the outcomes of follower affect at work in a field setting. Leader positive and negative affect at work… (More)
The clinical history and examination of dizzy patients leave much to be desired. Nevertheless, they are vital, as the selected treatment may be inappropriate and test data are likely to be meaningless unless interpreted in light of a thoughtful history and physical. Despite enormous variability in symptoms and signs of dizziness, the clinician must strive… (More)
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank: • Dave Harris for field data collection and project planning • Tim Danaher for project support and assistance in development of the methodology • FERA staff for initial fieldwork and project support • Kerstin Jones for digital video interpretation • South West Pacific Helicopters for a flexible approach and… (More)
Described is an approach to understanding sudden behavioral change that is based on a simplified conceptual model of the functional anatomy of the CNS. The model explores the behavioral correlates of three interrelated CNS functional axes: vertical, lateral, and horizontal.