Learn More
A light-sensitive, externally powered microchip was surgically implanted subretinally near the macular region of volunteers blind from hereditary retinal dystrophy. The implant contains an array of 1500 active microphotodiodes ('chip'), each with its own amplifier and local stimulation electrode. At the implant's tip, another array of 16 wire-connected(More)
This study aims at substituting the essential functions of photoreceptors in patients who are blind owing to untreatable forms of hereditary retinal degenerations. A microelectronic neuroprosthetic device, powered via transdermal inductive transmission, carrying 1500 independent microphotodiode-amplifier-electrode elements on a 9 mm(2) chip, was(More)
DNA sequence analysis of the gene encoding subunit 6 of the NADH-ubiquinone-oxidoreductase complex (ND6) in human mitochondria was performed in 25 independent patients who suffer from Lebers hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). In 10 cases the well-known LHON mutation at nucleotide position (np) 14484 was detected. Furthermore, silent substitutions at(More)
A subretinal visual implant (Alpha IMS, Retina Implant AG, Reutlingen, Germany) was implanted in 29 blind participants with outer retinal degeneration in an international multicenter clinical trial. Primary efficacy endpoints of the study protocol were a significant improvement of activities of daily living and mobility to be assessed by activities of daily(More)
Background: Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited ocular disease associated with mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We describe the clinical and molecular genetic findings in a LHON patient and his family with a new mtDNA mutation at np14568 in the ND6 gene. · Methods: Ophthalmological examination was performed in one(More)
PURPOSE The perception of 11 persons blinded by hereditary retinal degeneration elicited by a subretinally implanted 16-electrode array used for light-independent direct stimulation of the retina is described. This device is part of the Tübingen retina implant, which also employs a light-sensitive, multiphotodiode array (MPDA). The ability to reliably(More)
BACKGROUND Due to low energy levels in microphotodiode-based subretinal visual prostheses, an external power supply is mandatory. We report on the surgical feasibility and the functional outcome of the extraocular part of an approach to connect a subretinal prosthesis to an extracorporeal connector in the retro-auricular space via a trans-scleral,(More)
We investigated abnormalities of the retinal cone ON- and OFF-pathways in 24 males with Schubert-Bornschein congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB). Substantial differences were found between both CSNB types. In incomplete type, a-, b- and d-waves were reduced and delayed, whereas in complete type only the b-wave showed significant changes. Oscillatory(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited disorder characterized by central vision loss in young adults. The majority of LHON cases around the world are associated with mutations in the mitochondrial genome at nucleotide positions (np) 3460, 11,778, and 14,484. Usually, these three mutations are screened in suspected LHON(More)
AIM To identify novel or rare rhodopsin gene mutations in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa and description of their clinical phenotype. METHODS The complete rhodopsin gene was screened for mutations by DNA sequencing in index patients. Mutation specific assays were used for segregation analysis and screening for controls. Eight(More)