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Despite significant progress in cryopreservation of mammalian oocytes and embryos, many ofthe molecular and biochemical events that underlie this technology are poorly understood. In recent years, researchers have focused on obtaining viable oocytes that are developmentally competent. Even under the most favourable conditions, experimental approaches have(More)
The impact of vitrification procedures on in vitro matured (IVM) ovine oocytes mRNA content and ability to undergo successful fertilization, cleavage and embronic development was assessed. Vitrified-warmed (n = 113) and control (n = 140) IVM oocytes were in vitro fertilized and cultured up to blastocyst stage under standard conditions. Vitrified oocytes(More)
Recent studies indicate that, whereas the Sardinian population as a whole is comparable to outbred populations for linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping of common variants, LD in Sardinian sub-isolates is more extended, making these populations particularly suitable for this approach. To evaluate the extent of LD between microsatellite markers, we compared(More)
Among the factors that affect in vitro embryo development, oxygen atmosphere is considered to be of great influence. In this study, we evaluated the influence of two different oxygen atmospheres during in vitro fertilization (IVF) of ovine oocytes on their developmental capacity and quality assessed by cryotolerance. Cumulus oocyte complexes derived from(More)
Parthenogenetic activation of the mammalian oocyte constitutes an essential step to a number of oocyte- or embryo-related technologies. Mammalian parthenotes are useful tools for studying the roles of paternal and maternal genomes in early mammalian development and are considered potential candidates for an ethical source of embryonic stem cells. We(More)
The sub-cortical maternal complex (SCMC), located in the subcortex of mouse oocytes and preimplantation embryos, is composed of at least four proteins encoded by maternal effect genes: OOEP, NLRP5/MATER, TLE6 and KHDC3/FILIA. The SCMC assembles during oocyte growth and was seen to be essential for murine zygote progression beyond the first embryonic cell(More)
We generated a clone of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos using oocyte pools from defined maternal sources to study nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions. Nucleocytoplasmic hybrids were reconstructed with Bos taurus (Brown Swiss) granulosa cells and oocytes that contained B. taurus A (Simmental), B. taurus B (Simmental), or Bos indicus (Dwarf Zebu)(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether different calcium concentrations in the vitrification solutions could improve the developmental competence of in vitro matured ovine oocytes after cryopreservation. In vitro matured oocytes were vitrified with 16.5% ethylene glycol (EG) + 16.5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) vitrification media. The base media(More)
The vitrification procedure effects on molecular and cytoskeletal components and on developmental ability of in vitro matured prepubertal ovine oocytes were evaluated. MII oocytes were divided into three groups: (1) vitrified in cryoloops (VTR); (2) exposed to vitrification solutions and rehydrated without being plunged into liquid nitrogen (EXP); (3)(More)
Genetic isolates represent exceptional resources for the mapping of complex traits but not all isolates are similar. We have selected a genetic and cultural isolate, the village of Talana from an isolated area of Sardinia, and propose that this population is suitable for the mapping of complex traits. A wealth of historical and archive data allowed the(More)