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In this paper we consider a class of systems of two coupled real scalar fields in bidimensional spacetime, with the main motivation of studying classical or linear stability of soliton solutions. Firstly, we present the class of systems and comment on the topological profile of soliton solutions one can find from the first-order equations that solve the(More)
We investigate a system described by two real scalar fields coupled with gravity in (4, 1) dimensions in warped spacetime involving one extra dimension. The results show that the parameter which controls the way the two scalar fields interact induces the appearence of thick brane which engenders internal structure, driving the energy density to localize(More)
We consider a description of membranes by (2, 1)-dimensional field theory, or alternatively a description of irrotational, isentropic fluid motion by a field theory in any dimension. We show that these Galileo-invariant systems, as well as others related to them, admit a peculiar diffeomorphism symmetry, where the transformation rule for coordinates(More)
In this paper we deal with defects inside defects in systems of two scalar fields in 3+1 dimensions. The systems we consider are defined by potentials containing two real scalar fields, and so we are going to investigate domain ribbons inside domain walls. After introducing some general comments on the possibility of finding defects that support internal(More)
We investigate the population dynamics in generalized rock-paper-scissors models with an arbitrary number of species N. We show that spiral patterns with N arms may develop both for odd and even N, in particular in models where a bidirectional predation interaction of equal strength between all species is modified to include one N-cyclic predator-prey rule.(More)
In this work we investigate the development of stable dynamical structures along interfaces separating domains belonging to enemy partnerships in the context of cyclic predator-prey models with an even number of species N≥8. We use both stochastic and field theory simulations in one and two spatial dimensions, as well as analytical arguments, to describe(More)
We introduce a family of rock-paper-scissors-type models with Z(N) symmetry (N is the number of species), and we show that it has a very rich structure with many completely different phases. We study realizations that lead to the formation of domains, where individuals of one or more species coexist, separated by interfaces whose (average) dynamics is(More)
P.P. Avelino, 2 D. Bazeia, L. Losano, 4, 3 J. Menezes, 4, 5 and B. F. Oliveira Centro de Astrof́ısica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal Departamento de F́ısica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal Departamento de F́ısica, Universidade Federal da(More)