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BACKGROUND Neuropsychological and imaging studies suggest that frontal dysfunction may occur in apparently normal chronic alcoholic subjects. METHODS To investigate this issue further, we performed neuropsychological and fluorodeoxy-glucose-PET studies in 17 chronic alcoholics without patent neurological and psychiatric complications. RESULTS Metabolic(More)
Following oral administration in the fasting healthy subject, the mean maximum concentration of tianeptine is 334 +/- 79 ng/ml. Absorption of tianeptine from the tablet form is rapid and complete. Maximum plasma concentration is obtained by the first hour following administration (0.94 +/- 0.47 h). Absolute bioavailability is 99 +/- 29%. Tianeptine is thus(More)
Lifetime history of major depressive disorder is more than double in ever smokers than in never smokers. Conversely, adjusted odds ratios of nicotine dependence are significantly elevated for major depressive disorder alone (3,11) or associated with an anxiety disorder (4,38). There is also a significant relationship between depressive symptoms' severity(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports suggest that gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) decreases with coffee intake. The aim of this study was to examine the joint influence of alcohol, tobacco, cotinine, coffee, and caffeine on biological markers of heavy drinking in an alcoholic population. METHODS Subjects were 160 alcohol-dependent inpatients. Biological(More)
129 chronic alcoholic patients, withdrawn from alcohol and presenting major depression or dysthymic disorder, were treated for 4-8 weeks under double-blind conditions either with a new antidepressant, tianeptine (37.5 mg per day), or with amitriptyline (75 mg per day). Both groups presented steady improvement of the symptoms of depression during treatment,(More)
The aim of this study was to assess alcoholic inpatients' smoking and coffee intake variation following withdrawal. Only moderate smokers (less than 30 cigarettes/day) showed a significant increase of cigarette consumption after alcohol withdrawal. However, their urinary cotinine level did not vary, suggesting a behavioral, and not biological, compensation(More)
Alcohol reduces sleep latency but notably alters sleep structure: sleep is fragmented, particularly at the end of the night. Slow wave sleep duration is enhanced in the first part of the night and REM sleep duration and density are diminished. Alcohol withdrawal provokes inverse effects in alcoholic patients: sleep onset is delayed, slow wave sleep(More)
Therapy and suggestion are closely related. That is clear for the ancient time: primitive medicine gives a good place to the Word. In plant, animal or mineral remedies, the suggestion is clearly preponderant. Towards the end of the 19th century, the "Ecole de Nancy" sets up a real theory of the suggestion, and Bernheim, its leader, bases hypnosis, then(More)
Detailed analysis of the literature and the study of personal cases have led the authors to propose a new concept for facio-scapulo-humeral dystrophy. They consider it to be a syndrome, embracing under the same clinical picture both muscular disease (classical hereditary muscular dystrophy, congenital and acquired myopathies) and neurological disease (in(More)