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In hemodialysis patients the pentose-phosphate shunt activity is deficient. As a consequence, the lipid peroxidation of the erythrocyte membranes is increased as shown by the increase in malonyldialdehyde concentrations and is accompanied by a decrease of the level of vitamin E in RBC. In the present study we have found that increased lipid peroxidation of(More)
Recently, we have demonstrated that hemodialysis (HD) patients have higher serum and lower erythrocyte concentrations of vitamin E than controls. It is known that transfer of vitamin E from serum to erythrocyte is mostly due to high-density lipoproteins (HDL). For a better definition of the pattern of distribution of vitamin E in HD patients, we have dosed(More)
Pre dialysis concentrations of malonyldialdehyde (MDA) in the red blood cell membranes and pre and post dialysis percent variation of plasma haemoglobin levels are studied in a group of uraemic patients on maintenance haemodialysis both before and after a therapeutic trial with vitamin E. The findings show a significant correlation between MDA levels and(More)
Human blood platelet activation elicited by latex particles is associated to a 30% decrease in the cellular content of vitamin E. The vitamin E consumption is inhibited by the addition of catalase (500 U/ml) and azide (1 mM), but it is not affected by potassium cyanide (1 mM). It may be proposed that the challenge of platelets with particulate stimuli(More)
The baseline concentrations of MDA in the RBC membranes and the MDA production in the erythrocytes following stimulation with ascorbate and cyanide are compared in a group of uraemic patients on chronic haemodialysis and in one treated with CAPD. Lower baseline concentrations and smaller production of MDA following in vitro stimulation, point to a better(More)
Some metabolic alterations of the pentose-phosphate shunt can increase susceptibility to red blood cell (RBC) lipid peroxidation in uraemic patients on maintenance haemodialysis. We investigated this phenomenon in 19 uraemic patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis by determining RBC malonyldialdehyde (MDA), a secondary product of lipid peroxidation and(More)
The result of vitamin E treatment in 19 uremic patients in chronic hemodialysis is evaluated. In particular, the levels of erythrocyte malonyldialdehyde (MDA) and vitamin E were determined, and the fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) membrane before and after treatment with parenterally administered vitamin E. A decrease of RBC MDA levels, an(More)
It has been reported that increased peroxidation of the polyunsaturated fatty acids in the erythrocyte membranes is one of the causes of chronic hemolysis in uremic patients on hemodialysis and that therapeutic doses of vitamin E are effective in reducing peroxidation, improving the hematocrit. The present study shows how the reduced peroxidation, induced(More)
We have recently described that in the erythrocytes from uremic patients on chronic hemodialysis, the pentose-phosphate shunt is defective, the membrane concentrations of malonyldialdehyde, resulting from peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the membranes themselves, are increased, and the concentrations of vitamin E, an antioxidizing agent, are(More)