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Brain glutamate and glutamine were detected in healthy human volunteers in spectroscopic images with a nominal voxel size of 2.25 cm3 at an echo time of 15 ms. Due to the increased frequency separation and simplification of J-coupling patterns, the separate detection of brain glutamate and glutamine at short echo times was possible. Creatine, choline, and(More)
Although there has been great interest in the neuroanatomical basis of reading, little attention has been focused on auditory language processing. The purpose of this study was to examine the differential neuroanatomical response to the auditory processing of real words and pseudowords. Eight healthy right-handed participants performed two phoneme(More)
Discrepancies in the patterns of cortical activation across studies may be attributable, in part, to differences in baseline tasks, and hence, reflect the limits of the subtractive logic underlying much of neuroimaging. To assess the extent of these effects, three of the most commonly used baseline conditions (rest, tone monitoring, and passive listening)(More)
Metabolic differences in the content of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatinine (CR), and choline (CH) in cerebral gray and white matter can complicate the interpretation of 1H spectroscopic images. To account for these variations, the gray- and white-matter content of each voxel must be known. To provide these data, a T1-based image segmentation scheme was(More)
The fundamental operations of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging can be formulated, for a large number of methods, as sampling the object distribution in the Fourier spatial-frequency domain, followed by processing the digitized data (often simply by Fourier transformation) to produce a digital image. In these methods, which include reconstruction(More)
Using a 4.1T whole body system, we have acquired 1H spectroscopic imaging (SI) data of N-acetyl (NA) compounds, creatine (CR), and choline (CH) with nominal voxel sizes of 0.5 cc (1.15 cc after filtering). We have used the SI data to estimate differences in cerebral metabolites of human gray and white matter. To evaluate the origin of an increased CR/NA and(More)
A method to provide B1 correction and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) referencing is developed and applied to spectroscopic imaging of the human brain at 4.1 T using a volume head coil. The B1 image allows rapid determination of the spatially dependent B1 that is then used to compensate for the B1 sensitivity of the spectroscopic sequence. The reference signal is(More)
A general treatment of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), which takes into account the effects of chemical shift, motion, field inhomogeneity, and relaxation times, is presented. A graphical representation based on the k trajectory formalism which includes these effects is then developed for MRI and MRSI acquisition(More)
A method to measure arbitrary k-space trajectories was developed to compensate for nonideal gradient performance during rapid magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with actively or nonactively shielded gradients at a magnetic field strength of 4.1 T. Accurate MR image reconstruction requires knowledge of the k-trajectory produced by the gradient waveforms during(More)
High field (4 Tesla) spectroscopic imaging offers the advantages of increased signal-to-noise ratio and the possibility of acquiring high resolution metabolite images. We have applied a three dimensional spectroscopic imaging sequence using a sparse Gaussian sampling method to acquire phosphocreatine (PCr) images of the human heart with 8-cc voxels. PCr(More)