D B Thomson

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of bilateral labyrinthectomy on quiet stance in the freely-standing cat. Since loss of the vestibular end organs produces marked deficits in motor behaviour, including ataxia and problems with balance, we hypothesized that labyrinthectomized animals would show impairment in quantitative measures of stance.(More)
1. To investigate the type of vestibular signals that neurons in the caudal parts of the vestibular nuclei transmit to the cerebellum and spinal cord, we studied their responses to natural vestibular stimulation in vertical planes in decerebrate cats with the caudal cerebellum removed. Most neurons were in the caudal half of the descending vestibular(More)
Natural head movements in alert, unrestrained cats were studied using video-filming, videofluoroscopy and electromyographic (EMG) recording methods. In each cat, up to sixteen neck muscles or neck-muscle compartments were implanted with recording electrodes. Patterns of muscle recruitment were examined during systematically-selected behavioral epochs in(More)
The feline anterior sartorius is a long strap-like muscle composed of short muscle fibers. Nerve branches that enter this muscle contain the axons of motor units whose constituent muscle fibers are distributed asymmetrically within the muscle. In the present study, twitch and tetanic isometric contractions were evoked by stimulating individual nerve(More)
Five subjects contracted forearm supinator muscles which were stretched after development of maximal isometric torque. The ratio of torque at the end of stretch over isometric torque at that position was calculated as excess torque. Excess torque increased with stretch velocity and decreased with stretch amplitude, and it was not dependent upon final muscle(More)
The labelling efficacies of 7 retrograde tracers were evaluated following cut nerve exposure or intramuscular injection into the serially compartmentalized neck muscle, biventer cervicis. Tested tracers included Fast Blue (FB), Fluorogold (FG), dextran conjugated to fluorescein (FD), dextran conjugated to rhodamine (Fluororuby (FR), 3000 and 10,000 MW),(More)
The neuromuscular organization of feline anterior sartorius was examined using three experimental approaches. First, the branching pattern of the nerve supplying anterior sartorius was inspected in muscles taken from a large number of feline cadavers. All muscles were found to be supplied by two major nerve branches, one directed proximally and the other(More)
The electromyographic (EMG) patterns of neck muscles were recorded during whole-body horizontal rotation in head-free, alert cats and head-restrained, decerebrate cats. In some trials the cervical column of the animal was oriented vertically, whereas in others it was oriented more horizontally. In alert cats making head movements that compensated for the(More)
Our goal was to study potential substrates for cortical modulation of vestibular reflexes in the cat. In initial experiments, injections of wheat-germ-agglutinate-horseradish-peroxidase into Deiters' nucleus and the rostral descending nucleus revealed bilateral colonies of retrogradely filled neurons in cortical areas 6, 2, and 3a (about 60 cells per(More)
1. To determine whether neck posture affects the usage of neck muscles during a specific motor task, we recorded the electromyographic (EMG) patterns of neck muscles in four cats, which made horizontal, head-turning movements to fixate eccentrically placed targets. In some trials, the cervical column was oriented vertically whereas in other trials, the(More)