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We report the fate of different derivatives of the vitellogenin genes after injection into fertilized eggs of Xenopus. We injected a constructed minigene as well as a 5' fragment of the A2 vitellogenin gene. The minigene survives in embryogenesis much better than the 5' A2 fragment and is retained more frequently and at a higher level in frog tissues. The(More)
Previous attempts to relate the structure and function of hepatocytic membranes have compared biochemical data of fractions to morphological data derived from either intact tissue or fractions. The effects of the original homogenization aside, biochemical recoveries comparing membrane marker enzymes of the homogenate to subsequent fractions suggest a(More)
A line of mouse mammary epithelial cells (NMuMG) has been characterized for its ability to be stably transfected with exogenous DNA. A transfection frequency of at least 1 cell per 1,000 was obtained with the pSV2neo plasmid. Several thousand G418-resistant NMuMG cell clones can easily be generated in cotransfection of genomic DNA and pSV2neo. The NMuMG(More)
The purpose of the study was to consider quantitatively the relationships between the surface area of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and constituent marker enzyme activities, as they occur in fractions collected from rat liver homogenates. The ER surface area was estimated in five membrane-containing fractions by use of a combined cytochemical-stereological(More)
We have subjected the viral mos oncogene (v-mos), the activated human H-ras oncogene [H-ras (A)] and the normal human H-ras protooncogene [H-ras (N)] to the transcriptional regulation of glucocorticoid hormones by in vitro recombination with the promoter region of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV LTR) and transfection into NIH 3T3(More)
To understand the mechanism of estrogen-induced activation of the vitellogenin genes in the liver of Xenopus, it is essential to characterize the transcriptional products of these genes. In this paper we describe large nuclear RNAs containing vitellogenin mRNA sequences as revealed by hybridization of cloned vitellogenin cDNAs to nuclear RNA separated on(More)
Large inter-individual differences are noted in the susceptibility to alcohol-related problems. Part of this variation may be due to the different isoenzyme patterns of the alcohol-metabolizing enzymes and, consequently, different pharmacokinetics of alcohol degradation. We have used the polymerase chain reaction and oligonucleotide hybridization to amplify(More)
We have analyzed middle repetitive DNA in the albumin and vitellogenin gene families of Xenopus laevis. Mapping specific repetitive DNA sequences derived from introns of the A1 vitellogenin gene reveals that these sequences are scattered within and around the four vitellogenin genes (A1, A2, B1 and B2) and the two albumin genes (74 kd and 68 kd). Three(More)
Amplification of Y chromosome specific DNA in vitro enables a rapid and reliable sex determination of human minute traces such as blood stains and hairs. In presence of male DNA a band of 154 bp is visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis after amplification, this band is lacking in case of female DNA alone. Amplification of a sex independent DNA locus(More)