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We have produced a stretchable form of silicon that consists of submicrometer single-crystal elements structured into shapes with microscale, periodic, wavelike geometries. When supported by an elastomeric substrate, this "wavy" silicon can be reversibly stretched and compressed to large levels of strain without damaging the silicon. The amplitudes and(More)
We present detailed experimental and theoretical studies of the mechanics of thin buckled films on compliant substrates. In particular, accurate measurements of the wavelengths and amplitudes in structures that consist of thin, single-crystal ribbons of silicon covalently bonded to elastomeric substrates of poly(dimethylsiloxane) reveal responses that(More)
We developed means to form multilayer superstructures of large collections of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) configured in horizontally aligned arrays, random networks, and complex geometries of arrays and networks on a wide range of substrates. The approach involves guided growth of SWNTs on crystalline and amorphous substrates followed by(More)
This Letter introduces a biaxially stretchable form of single crystalline silicon that consists of two dimensionally buckled, or "wavy", silicon nanomembranes on elastomeric supports. Fabrication procedures for these structures are described, and various aspects of their geometries and responses to uniaxial and biaxial strains along various directions are(More)
We report a purely additive nanotransfer printing process that uses noncovalent surface forces to guide the transfer of thin metal films from low-energy surfaces of high-resolution stamps to a variety of substrates. Structures with dimensions as small as a few hundred nanometers, with edge roughness as small as 10 nm are demonstrated. Metal multilayer(More)
We have studied the scaling of controlled nonlinear buckling processes in materials with dimensions in the molecular range (i.e., approximately 1 nm) through experimental and theoretical studies of buckling in individual single-wall carbon nanotubes on substrates of poly(dimethylsiloxane). The results show not only the ability to create and manipulate(More)
Because of their potential for use in advanced electronic, nanomechanical, and other applications, large two-dimensional, carbon-rich networks have become an important target to the scientific community. Current methods for the synthesis of these materials have many limitations including lack of molecular-level control and poor diversity. Here, we present a(More)
Bulk micromachining of Si is demonstrated by the well-known metal-assisted chemical etching (MaCE). Si microstructures, having lateral dimension from 5 μm up to millimeters, are successfully sculpted deeply into Si substrate, as deep as >100 μm. The key ingredient of this success is found to be the optimizations of catalyst metal type and its morphology.(More)
Room-temperature welding and sintering of metal nanostructures, nanoparticles and nanowires, by capillary condensation of chemical vapors have successfully been demonstrated. Nanoscale gaps or capillaries that are abundant in layers of metal nanostructures have been found to be the preferred sites for the condensation of chemically oxidizing vapor, H2O2 in(More)
A fluoropolymer mold is introduced and used to pattern sub-100 nm features with the characteristics that cause problems in patterning with a mold. The low surface energy and inertness, stiffness, and permeable nature of the mold material make it possible to pattern without surface treatment densely populated very fine features, mixed patterns of small and(More)