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Light-induced fast transient absorbance changes were detected by time-resolved spectroscopy in 38 of 51 haloalkaliphilic isolates from alkaline salt lakes in Kenya and the Wadi Natrun in Egypt. They indicate the presence of two retinal pigments, Pf and Ps, which undergo cyclic photoreactions with half-times of 2 ms and 500 ms respectively. Pf absorbs(More)
A well-known indication that a nucleotide has bound to myosin is the enhancement of the fluorescence of a specific tryptophan in the "subfragment 1" segment of the protein. Empirically the effect has been enormously useful in myosin enzymology. But beyond an early suggestion that it arises from a purine-tryptophan charge-transfer complex, the mechanism of(More)
The cross-helix separation of Tm molecules in acto-tropomyosin has been determined using neutron scattering. Deuterated Dictyostelium discoideum actin was density matched in a 93% D2O buffer so that effectively only the protonated tropomyosin was "visible" to neutrons. Analysis of the solution scattering pattern in the region of the first oscillation(More)
It appears that small movements (detected hitherto only by fluorescence resonance energy transfer measurements and crosslinking studies) in a region of the myosin S-1 particle may mediate chemomechanical energy transduction in the contractile system. Here we find under conditions of high precision at 10 degrees C and 20 degrees C that ATP binding to S-1(More)
We have presented two applications of the method of neutron scattering utilizing selective deuteration of actin. In these experiments the actin was rendered effectively invisible to neutrons by matching the scattering-length densities of deuterated actin and the solvent. The scattering of neutrons by myosin S1 and by Tm bound to this actin was studied. For(More)
Many and diverse modifications of the myosin subfragment 1 (S-1) increase (modulate) its ATPase activity, including interaction of this particle with actin; a recent addition to these modifications is the extensive lysine modification of S-1 that seems prerequisite to crystallizing it for structure analysis. In this study we first established kinetically(More)
Bacteriorhodopsin functions as an electrogenic, light-driven proton pump in Halobacterium halobium. In cell envelope vesicles, its photocycle kinetics can be correlated with membrane potential. The initial decay rate of the M photocycle intermediate(s) decreases with increasing membrane potential, allowing the construction of a calibration curve. The laser(More)
We have incorporated Fe2+ into the high-affinity metal-ion-binding site of actin. By supplying the system with oxygen from air and a reductant (dithiothreitol or ascorbate), we have induced free-radical generation, with the intent of causing peptide cleavage at the metal-ion-binding site. By analysis of the resulting fragments from actin in the F-form, we(More)
Newly-reported structural information about certain proximities between points on bound nucleotide and points on the heavy chain of myosin S-1 are incorporated into a previously-reported [Botts, J. Thomason, J.F. & Morales, M.F. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 86, 2204-2208 (1989)] structure of S-1. The resulting, enhanced structure is then used to identify some(More)
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