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The conserved bifactorial endosperm box found in the promoter of wheat storage protein genes comprises two different cis elements that are thought to be involved in regulating endosperm-specific gene expression. Endosperm nuclear extracts contain binding activities. One is called ESBF-I, which binds to the endosperm motif (EM), and the other is called(More)
Polymorphism of tryptophan hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of brain serotonin (5-HT), is associated with less synthesis of brain 5-HT in DBA/2J and BALB/c than in C57BL/6J and 129/Sv mice. We selected the forced swimming test, a mouse model used to assess the antidepressant potential of drugs, and neurochemical techniques to study(More)
Human sirtuins are a family of seven conserved proteins (SIRT1-7). The most investigated is the silent mating type information regulation-2 homolog (SIRT1, NM_012238), which was associated with neuroprotection in models of polyglutamine toxicity or Alzheimer's disease (AD) and whose activation by the phytocompound resveratrol (RES) has been described. We(More)
A 647-bp 5′-flanking fragment obtained from genomic clone Sta 44G(2) belonging to a family of polygalacturonase genes expressed inBrassica napus pollen was fused to theβ-glucuronidase (GUS) marker gene. This fusion construct was introduced intoB. napus plants viaAgrobacterium tumefaciens transformation. Analysis of the transgenicB. napus plants revealed(More)
The natural phytocompound resveratrol has been considered for many years a potential anticancer drug, but recently it has come to the attention of neuroscientist too, as it displays neuroprotective actions and activates the sirtuins' family member SIRT₁. Sirtuins are enzymes with preferential deacetylase activity. Human sirtuins are coded by seven genes(More)
Presenilin-1 (PSEN-1) is a component of the gamma-secretase complex involved in beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) processing. To date about 140 pathogenic mutations in the PSEN-1 gene have been identified and their main biochemical effect is to increase the production of the fibrillogenic peptide Abeta(1-42). An exception is the PSEN-1 [E318G](More)
Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is a 140-amino acid presinaptic protein whose mutations A30P and A53T have been linked to familiar Parkinson's disease (PD). Many data suggest that alpha-syn aggregation is the key event that triggers alpha-syn-mediated neurotoxicity. Nevertheless, other lines of evidence proposed a protective role of alpha-syn against oxidative(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder causing muscular rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia. We conducted an association study assessing how PD risk in Italy was influenced by the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) polymorphic region 5-HTTLPR, consisting of an insertion/deletion (long allele-L/short allele-S) of 43 bp in the SLC6A4(More)
Antidepressant pharmacogenetics represents a stimulating, but often discouraging field. The present study proposes a combination of several methodologies across three independent samples. Genes belonging to monoamine, neuroplasticity, circadian rhythm and transcription factor pathways were investigated in two samples (n=369 and 88) with diagnosis of major(More)