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Neurons with strong inhibitory short-wavelength sensitive cone (S-cone) inputs have been identified in the macaque geniculate using a tritanopic confusion line test, i.e. by stimulation with equiluminous stimuli which leave excitations of long- and middle-wavelength sensitive cones (L- and M-cones) constant while differentially exciting S-cones.(More)
Coloured surfaces in the normal environment may be brighter or dimmer than the mean adaptation level. Changes in the firing rate of cells of the parvocellular layers of macaque lateral geniculate nucleus were studied with such stimuli; chromatic mixtures briefly replaced a white adaptation field. This paradigm is therefore one of successive contrast.(More)
1. The relation between wavelength and psychophysical threshold for chromatic spots on a white background provides evidence for the existence of chromatic channels in the primate visual system. To find the physiological substrate of this task, we compared increment thresholds of different cell types in the macaque lateral geniculate nucleus with human(More)
Steadily illuminated surrounds, remote from the receptive field centre, are shown to affect the responses of primate visual cells. Intensity-response curves of cells of the macaque lateral geniculate nucleus were measured using a successive contrast paradigm where chromatic or achromatic stimuli were presented in alternation with a white adaptation field of(More)
The use of the anaesthetic isofluorane (Forene, Deutsche Abbott) for unit cell recordings from the monkey striate cortex is considered. Two aspects are emphasised; the maintenance of sustained components of response and the stability of vegetative physiology under isofluorane anaesthesia. A comparison of the use of isofluorane with halothane is made. The(More)
A method for the construction, repair and recycling of tungsten-in-glass micro-electrodes is described. Essentially, the method employs insulating tungsten electrodes by collapsing borosilicate-glass capillaries onto tungsten wires. Procedures are described for either (1) removing excess glass insulation from the microelectrode tip or (2) fine adjustment(More)
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