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Twenty-six unembalmed lower-leg specimens were mounted in an experimental test device with the foot placed at a fixed degree of pronation/supination, dorsiflexion/plantar flexion, or both. Torque versus rotation curves were determined as each foot was externally rotated to failure. Torsional stiffness was determined for the first 20 degrees of external(More)
The range of motion of 10 fresh cadaveric ankle specimens was measured for flexion, anterior-posterior drawer, inversion-eversion, and internal-external rotation under conditions that simulated normal weight-bearing. At a 70 kg load, range of motion significantly diminished in all directions (p < 0.005). Plantar flexion was diminished to a greater degree(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of syndesmotic screw fixation on ankle motion. Eight unpaired osteoligamentous cadaver ankles were tested. The study quantified ankle flexion, talar tilt, ankle drawer, and tibiotalar rotation for each specimen using an MTS biomechanical testing system. Each specimen was tested under a 15-kg and a 70-kg(More)
Five different porous-coated acetabular prosthetic configurations underwent in vitro testing to assess mechanical stability in embalmed cadaver hemipelves: Harris Galante II cup with three cancellous screws, Biomet Universal cup, Whiteside cup with peripheral pegs, Whiteside cup with two cancellous screws, and plain Whiteside cup. Following implantation in(More)
The use of internal fixation for posterior malleolar fractures remains controversial. This study assessed the contribution of the posterior malleolus/posterior tibiofibular (PM/PTF) complex to ankle stability in the loaded condition. Total plantarflexion and dorsiflexion, torsion, version, and drawer were measured with 15- and 70-kg loads before and after(More)
The objective of the present study was to measure dynamic chest deformations and compute chest velocity and viscous criterion during real world frontal impacts conducted on a horizontal sled. Four unembalmed human cadavers were restrained using a three-point belt restraint in the driver seat of a sled buck. Two chest bands (each with a 24 gauge capability)(More)
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