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BACKGROUND Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and sustained inspiratory insufflations (SI) during acute lung injury (ALI) are suggested to improve oxygenation and respiratory mechanics. We aimed to investigate the hemodynamic effects of PEEP with and without alveolar recruiting maneuver in a mild ALI model induced by inhalation of hydrochloric acid. (More)
BACKGROUND Tissue tolerance to oxygen privation during acute normovolaemic haemodilution with different fluids remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is superior to lactated Ringer's solution in pigs for preserving tissue perfusion during acute normovolaemic haemodilution. METHODS Twenty-four animals were randomized into(More)
BACKGROUND Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) is an alternative to blood transfusion in surgeries involving blood loss. This experimental study was designed to evaluate whether pulse pressure variation (PPV) would be an adequate tool for monitoring changes in preload during ANH, as assessed by transesophageal echocardiography. METHODS Twenty-one(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Dynamic indices represented by systolic pressure variation and pulse pressure variation have been demonstrated to be more accurate than filling pressures in predicting fluid responsiveness. However, the literature is scarce concerning the impact of different ventilatory modes on these indices. We hypothesized that systolic pressure(More)