D A Kharkevich

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Transport of the hexapeptide dalargin across the blood-brain barrier was accomplished using a nanoparticle formulation. The formulation consisted of dalargin bound to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles by sorption, coated with polysorbate 80. Intravenous injection of this formulation to mice resulted in an analgesic effect. All controls, including a(More)
Clinical and experimental data indicate that the cerebral cortex plays an important role in pain perception and endogenous antinociceptive system function. Moreover, the enhancement of descending inhibitory cortical control may be involved in the mechanisms of analgetic effect of some agents. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of(More)
The possibility of using polysorbate 80-coated polybutylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles to deliver low molecular polar hydrophilic drugs to the CNS has been studied. Tubocurarine (a quaternary ammonium salt) does not penetrate the normal intact blood-brain barrier. However, the injection of this drug directly into the cerebral ventricles of the brain provokes(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was reported to stimulate respiration and abolish the respiratory depressant effect of morphine-like analgesics. Some TRH analogs which have a diminished hormonal activity may be of interest as potential non-specific opioid antagonists. The mechanism of this effect of TRH and its analogs is still unclear. Thus, in the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether electrical cortical stimulation (as a model of descending inhibitory control) could alter the electrophysiological and behavioral signs of a nociceptive response. The inhibitory cortical influence on the neuronal activity produced by nociceptive stimuli (the tooth pulp, C-fibers of afferent somatic(More)
The effect of the agents with muscarinomimetic activity on the nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord was studied in spinal rats. Oxotremorine (5-20 micrograms/kg, i.v.), arecoline (0.25-1.0 mg/kg, i.v.), pilocarpine (5-20 mg/kg, i.v.) and aceclidine (0.25-1.0 mg/kg, i.v.) inhibited the nociceptive flexor reflex induced by intraarterial injection of(More)
The tranquilizers diazepam and phenazepam inhibited the responses in ventrolateral columns and segmental polysynaptic potentials in the spinal cord evoked by electrical stimulation of somatic nerves. The drugs also inhibited the responses in somavisceral and associative areas of the brain cortex, in specific, associative and nonspecific nuclei of the(More)
The comparative sensitivity of acetylcholine receptors of different skeletal muscles--m. masseter, m. gastrocnemius, m. triceps brachii, mm. obliquus et transversus abdominis, mm. intercostales, m. phrenicus to neuromuscular blocking agents was investigated. Experiments were performed on cats anesthetized with urethane (600 mg/kg, i.v.) and chloralose (70(More)
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