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Using a new ultrasensitive method the trace biogenic amines, phenylethylamine, meta-tyramine and para-tyramine have been quantitated in brain regions obtained from a single rat. Phenylethylamine concentrations in ng/g wet tissue (mean +/- std. error) were as follows: caudate 2.71 +/- 0.73, hypothalamus 0.45 +/- 0.15, cerebellum 0.09 +/- 0.02, olfactory bulb(More)
Behavioral and pharmacological effects of oral administration of L-deprenyl in the dog are described. Spontaneous behavior is unaffected at doses below 3 mg/kg while at higher doses there was stereotypical responding. There was evidence of improved cognitive function in animals chronically treated with a 1 mg/kg dose but the effectiveness varied(More)
Dogs were administered capsules containing L-deprenyl daily over 3 weeks at dose levels of 0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/kg. Spontaneous behavior was measured using a canine open field test, and was not significantly affected by L-deprenyl. Plasma levels of amphetamine showed a clear dose-dependent elevation 2 h and was not significantly affected by L-deprenyl.(More)
Aliphatic N-propargylamines have recently been discovered to be highly potent, selective, and irreversible monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitors. N-Methyl-N-(2-pentyl)propargylamine (M-2-PP) and N-methyl-N-(2-hexyl) propargylamine (2-HxMP), for example, are approximately fivefold more potent that l-deprenyl at inhibiting mouse brain MAO-B activity(More)
Plasma samples were collected from 41 patients who met DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia and from 34 healthy controls. Phenylethylamine (PE) levels were determined using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry negative chemical ionization method. PE was significantly higher in the schizophrenic patients compared with controls. There were no differences in(More)
The present study has examined whether MAO-B has a role in DA metabolism in the primate CNS in situ. Eleven macaques (macaca facicularis) were used in this study to examine the effects of (-)-deprenyl (1 mg/kg, i.v., 2 and 24 hours). (-)-Deprenyl administration completely and selectively blocked MAO-B activity and blocked DA metabolism in the caudate(More)
1. Phenelzine has been found to be methylated by enzymes obtained from bovine adrenal and some rat tissues in the presence of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) as methyl group donor. 2. The methylated product was chromatographically (TLC and HPLC) identical with chemically synthesized N-methylphenelzine. The structure of this methylated phenelzine has been(More)