The objective of this study is to define the development of all components in the chick embryonic trigeminal primary sensory-motor complex, from their first appearance through the formation of central and peripheral axonal projections up to stage 34 (8 days of incubation). This was accomplished by two labeling procedures: application of the monoclonal… (More)
Following orthodontic treatment, an increase in the number of occlusal contacts is usually desired during retention. In this study, Hawley and clear overlay orthodontic retainers were compared relative to changes in the number of occlusal contacts. Occlusal contacts were quantified in 30 orthodontic patients at debonding, at retainer delivery, and after 3… (More)
Migration of mandibular periosteum and attached musculature was tracked along the inferior border of the ramus in growing and nongrowing guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) over a 6-week period. Particulate metallic growth-tracing implants were placed through the bony mandible and adjacent musculature at two anteroposterior locations and two bony reference… (More)
Wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to tetramethylrhodamine isothiocyanate-dextran (WGA-TRITC) was studied as a novel tracer of primary projection neurons of pharyngeal (PhN) and superior laryngeal (SLN) branches of the vagus nerve. The SLN and PhN were dissected from rat cervical tissues and the proximal end of the nerves were bathed in tracer for 60-90 min.… (More)
In the medulla of the axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum), Mauthner cells (M-cells) occur as a pair of large identifiable neurons at the level of entry of the vestibular nerve (nVIII). Each receives synapses from the ipsilateral nVIII; the terminals can be identified as club endings and are restricted to a specific set of M-cell dendritic branches. We have… (More)
Triton x-100, which solubilizes cell membranes, was used to expose the detergent resistant cytoskeletal systems of cultured day 4 (angulated) and a day 8 (STELLATE) NEURAL CREST cells. This procedure reveals a network of fibers which correlates structurally with the morphological state of neural crest cell differentiation.