D A Carper

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PURPOSE Aldose reductase (AR), an enzyme implicated in diabetic complications of ocular tissues, has been suggested to play a physiologic role in kidney and, possibly, other tissues by elevating the organic osmolytes in conditions of heightened extracellular tonicity. Hypertonicity has been shown to induce AR and alpha B-crystallin in some cells. To examine(More)
PURPOSE To identify and analyze differentially genes expressed between lens epithelia dissected from age-related cataractous and noncataractous human lenses. METHODS RNAs from 50 pooled cataractous and 25 pooled noncataractous epithelia were compared by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction differential display (RT-PCR-DD). Two differentially(More)
PURPOSE To identify differentially expressed genes in a human lens epithelial cell line exposed to oxidative stress. METHODS Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) differential display was used to evaluate differential gene expression in a human lens epithelial cell line (SRA 01-04) when cells were exposed for 3 hours to a single bolus(More)
PURPOSE Pterygium is a vision-impairing fibrovascular lesion that grows across the corneal surface and is associated with sunlight exposure. To increase our understanding of the cells types involved in pterygium, we have used expressed sequence tag analysis to examine the transcriptional repertoire of isolated pterygium and to identify marker genes for(More)
PURPOSE Na,K-ATPase activity increases in lens cells exposed to hypertonic stress. To test whether the increase in activity involves stimulation of Na,K-ATPase expression, dog lens epithelial cells were subjected to hypertonic stress, and the time course of Na,K-ATPase protein and mRNA response was measured. METHODS Primary cultures of dog lens epithelial(More)
A cloned cell line was derived from a culture of Nakano mouse lens epithelial cells. The cloned cells grew vigorously and produced large numbers of lentoid bodies. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and non-SDS slab-gel electrophoresis of the soluble proteins from the cultured cell revealed protein bands identical in pattern to those of purified gamma crystallin.(More)
PURPOSE To characterize gene expression patterns between epithelia isolated from cataractous and normal human lenses. METHODS Reverse transcriptase differential display was used to identify differential expression between cataractous and normal epithelia. RT-PCR was used to compare pooled and individual RNA samples. RESULTS One transcript, up-regulated(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies against lens crystallin have been used to study the accumulation of specific polypeptides during development of the human lens. One antibody which recognizes an antigen common to three polypeptides with molecular weights close to 31,000 reacted equally well to the human lens cortex and nucleus and had a similar binding activity(More)
The messenger RNA for a beta-crystallin polypeptide with a molecular size of 27 kilodaltons, first detected 5 to 10 days after birth in the normal mouse lens and the Nakano mouse cataract, was not detected in the Philly mouse cataract with translation in vitro. The heterozygous Philly lens had intermediate levels of the 27-kilodalton beta-crystallin(More)
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