Dörthe Küster

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The secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) exerts antiproteolytic activity towards serine proteases, as well as anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effects. To investigate its role in H. pylori-mediated diseases, SLPI expression was analyzed by RT-PCR, ELISA and immunohistochemistry in clinical samples and gastric tumor cell lines. Determination of(More)
The identification of gene mutations is a critical goal for the assessment of diagnosis and prognosis in cancer disease, particularly by direct sequencing. Pyrosequencing is a straightforward, non-electrophoretic DNA sequencing method using the luciferase-luciferin light release as a signal for nucleotide incorporation into a PCR template DNA. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori causes gastric inflammation. Despite the induction of H. pylori-specific B- and T cells, the immune response is not sufficient to clear the infection. Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) suppress the activation and proliferation of antigen-specific T cells and mediate immunologic tolerance. FOXP3 was shown to be expressed in a(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and differentiation from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is potentially challenging and is based upon clinical signs and endoscopic and histological features. In order to alert the endoscopist to consider EoE in patients with esophageal symptoms before performing esophagogastroduodenoscopy,(More)
BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with impaired epithelial barrier function that is regulated by cell-cell contacts. The aim of the study was to investigate the expression pattern of selected components involved in the formation of tight junctions in relation to GERD. METHODS Eighty-four patients with GERD-related symptoms(More)
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is frequently inactivated by promotor hypermethylation in various human cancers. At present, little is known about the significance of DAPK inactivation in colorectal carcinogenesis. We therefore, investigated macrodissected samples of 22 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded T1-carcinomas showing normal colon mucosa,(More)
The interplay between gastric and intestinal transcription factors has an important impact on gastric carcinogenesis. We compared the gene expression of CDX1, CDX2, SOX2 and related downstream genes in tumour and tumour surrounding gastric tissue of 48 gastric cancer patients with 30 healthy controls. There was no difference of gene expression of CDX1 and(More)
There are few reports describing the role of p53-dependent gene repression in apoptotic cell death. To identify such apoptosis-associated p53 target genes, we used the pro-oxidant plant-derived drug thymoquinone and compared p53+/+ and p53-/- colon cancer cells HCT116. The p53 wild-type (wt) status correlated with more pronounced DNA damage and higher(More)
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a serine/threonine kinase that contributes to pro-apoptotic signaling on cytokine exposure. The role of DAPK in macrophage-associated tumor cell death is currently unknown. Recently, we suggested a new function for DAPK in the induction of apoptosis during the interaction between colorectal tumor cells and(More)
To determine the relevance of MGMT in Barrett's carcinogenesis, we analyzed promotor hypermethylation and expression of MGMT in Barrett's adenocarcinomas and its paired precursor lesions from 133 patients using a methylation-specific PCR, real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Hypermethylation was detected in 78.9% of esophageal adenocarcinomas, in 100%(More)