Dörte Wittenburg

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Genetics affects not only the weight of piglets at birth but also the variability of birth weight within litter. Previous studies on this topic assigned the sample standard deviation of piglet birth weights within litter as an observation to the sow. However, the contribution of the difference in mean birth weight per sex on the within-litter variance has(More)
In the field of dairy cattle research, it is of great interest to improve the detection and prevention of diseases (e.g., mastitis and ketosis) and monitor specific traits related to the state of health and management. During the standard milk performance test, traditional milk traits are monitored, and quality and quantity are screened. In addition to the(More)
Molecular marker information is a common source to draw inferences about the relationship between genetic and phenotypic variation. Genetic effects are often modelled as additively acting marker allele effects. The true mode of biological action can, of course, be different from this plain assumption. One possibility to better understand the genetic(More)
Postnatal growth of the mouse adrenal gland shows a characteristic gender-dependent pattern, resulting in an almost 2-fold higher adrenal weight in 11-wk-old female vs. male mice. We demonstrated that the higher weight of the adrenal glands in female mice is due to a significantly (P < 0.05) increased growth rate in female mice and a shorter growth phase of(More)
The composition of milk is crucial to evaluate milk performance and quality measures. Milk components partly contribute to breeding scores, and they can be assessed to judge metabolic and energy status of the cow as well as to serve as predictive markers for diseases. In addition to the milk composition measures (e.g., fat, protein, lactose) traditionally(More)
Phenotypic variation can partly be explained by genetic variation, such as variation in single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes. Genomic selection methods seek to predict genetic values (breeding values) based on SNP genotypes. To develop and to optimize these methods, simulated data are often used, which follow a rather simple genotype-phenotype(More)
Porcine adrenergic receptor beta 2 (ADRB2) gene exhibits differential allelic expression in skeletal muscle, and its genetic variation has been associated with muscle pH. Exploring the molecular–genetic background of expression variation for porcine ADRB2 will provide insight into the mechanisms driving its regulatory divergence and may also contribute to(More)
In this study the benefit of metabolome level analysis for the prediction of genetic value of three traditional milk traits was investigated. Our proposed approach consists of three steps: First, milk metabolite profiles are used to predict three traditional milk traits of 1,305 Holstein cows. Two regression methods, both enabling variable selection, are(More)
Sex differences in birth weight contribute to within-litter variability, which itself is connected to piglet survival. Therefore, we studied whether the sex difference in piglet birth weight is a genetically variable sex dimorphism. For that purpose a linear mixed model including sex-specific additive genetic effects was set up. A hypothesis testing problem(More)
In livestock, current statistical approaches utilize extensive molecular data, e.g., single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), to improve the genetic evaluation of individuals. The number of model parameters increases with the number of SNPs, so the multicollinearity between covariates can affect the results obtained using whole genome regression methods. In(More)