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Ethylmalonic acid (EMA) accumulates in tissues of patients affected by short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency and ethylmalonic encephalopathy, illnesses characterized by variable neurological symptoms. In this work, we investigated the in vitro and in vivo EMA effects on Na(+), K(+)-ATPase (NAK) activity and mRNA levels in cerebral cortex from(More)
We have previously demonstrated that octanoic (OA) and decanoic acids (DA) inhibit Na+, K+ ATPase activity in synaptic plasma membranes from rat brain. The objective of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of the other metabolites that accumulate in tissues of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD)-deficient patients, namely(More)
Animal venoms have been widely recognized as a major source of biologically active molecules. Bothriurus bonariensis, popularly known as black scorpion, is the arthropod responsible for the highest number of accidents involving scorpion sting in Southern Brazil. Here we reported the first attempt to investigate the neurobiology of B. bonariensis venom (BBV)(More)
Organophosphate (OP) insecticides have been used indiscriminately, based on their high dissipation rates and low residual levels in the environment. Despite the toxicity of OPs to beneficial insects is principally devoted to the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, the physiological mechanisms underlying this activity remain poorly understood. Here we(More)
It is well recognized that stress or glucocorticoids hormones treatment can modulate memory performance in both directions, either impairing or enhancing it. Despite the high number of studies aiming at explaining the effects of glucocorticoids on memory, this has not yet been completely elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that a low daily dose of(More)
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