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Across languages, children with developmental dyslexia have a specific difficulty with the neural representation of the sound structure (phonological structure) of speech. One likely cause of their difficulties with phonology is a perceptual difficulty in auditory temporal processing (Tallal, 1980). Tallal (1980) proposed that basic auditory processing of(More)
In the numerical Stroop paradigm (NSP) participants compare simultaneously presented Arabic digits based on either their numerical or on their physical size dimension. Responses are faster when the numerical and size dimensions are congruent with each other (facilitation), and responses are slower when the numerical and size dimensions are incongruent with(More)
We dissociated ERP markers of semantic (numerical distance) vs. syntactic (place value) incongruence in the domain of arithmetic. Participants verified additions with four-digit numbers. Semantic incongruencies elicited the N400 ERP effect. A centro-parietal (putative P600) effect to place value violations was not related to arithmetic syntax. Rather, this(More)
We aimed to separate stimulus and response conflict in a manual color-word Stroop task by combining electro-myography (EMG) and event-related brain potentials (ERPs). EMG served as a measure of response conflict by detecting incorrect response hand activation in correctly responded trials. Response conflict was enhanced in both the incongruent and congruent(More)
Adolescents with developmental dyscalculia (DD) but no other impairments were examined with neuropsychological tests and with event-related brain potentials (ERPs). A matched control group and an adult control group were tested as well. Behavioural and ERP markers of the magnitude representation were examined in a task where subjects decided whether(More)
In two experiments, we investigated the effect of the numerical distance of incongruous results from correct results and stimulus probability on the N270/N400 event-related brain potential components. In Experiment 1, 12 subjects saw two one-digit addends and a possible solution and signaled if the proposed result (falling in the range of 3-17) was true or(More)
We studied whether task-relevant numerical information and task-irrelevant physical size information interact during perceptual and/or response processing in the number/size congruency paradigm (NSCP). Participants decided which of two simultaneously presented numbers was larger numerically. The physical size of numbers delivered neutral, congruent, or(More)
We investigated whether the mental representation of numbers is abstract amodal or modality-dependent. Subjects verified simple additions. In an event-related potential (ERP) experiment, subjects added an Arabic digit (S2) to a preceding number (S1) offsetting 3 s before S2. S1 was either a visually shown Arabic digit, a written number word or an(More)
We analyzed event-related potential (ERP) correlates of numerical and alphabetical positional judgements. Sixteen subjects classified whether acoustically presented numbers (1, 4, 6 or 9) were smaller or larger than 5 or whether phonemes (a, d, f or i) stood before or after letter 'e' in the alphabet. Stimulus non-specific effects in the amplitude of P2p(More)
Event-related potential (ERP) correlates of semantic and non-semantic mismatch in the 200-400ms time interval were dissociated. Twelve subjects observed pairs of single letters and digits presented serially, and decided whether the colour (blue or red) or the category membership (letter or number) of the second item in a pair matched the first one. In both(More)