Délio Soares Raslan

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Ethanol extracts from medicinal plants commonly used by Governador Valadares people were tested for antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity (BST assay). The field survey was conducted during the years 1997-2000 by means of direct interviews with healing men (“raizeiros”) who showed familiarity with local used remedies. A total of 33 crude extracts from 32(More)
In the search for new sources of sesquiterpene lactones, six Centaurea species have been analyzed. The activity against the fungus Cunninghamella echinulata of (+)-cnicin (1) and (+)-salonitenolide (2), isolated from the Centaurea plants, as well as that of (+)-costunolide (3), (-)-dehydrocostuslactone (4), (-)-lychnopholide (5) and (-)-eremantholide C (6),(More)
The use of plants as medicine has been referred to since ancient peoples, perhaps as early as Neanderthal man. Plants are a source of many biologically active products and nowadays they are of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry. The study of how people of different culture use plants in particular ways has led to the discovery of important new(More)
Phytochemical investigation of a hexane extract of the aerial parts of Plectranthus ornatus yielded three new neoclerodane diterpenoids (1-3), two labdane diterpenes (4 and 5) obtained for the first time as natural products, and several previously known substances. The structures and relative stereochemistry of 1-5 were established mainly on the basis of(More)
O estudo fitoquímico das cascas do cerne de Aspidosperma nitidum permitiu o isolamento de um novo tipo de alcalóide indólico, contendo um sistema 1,2,9-triazabiciclo[7.2.1], que foi denominado braznitidumina 1. A caracterização de sua estrutura química foi realizada pela análises dos dados de IV, UV, ESI-EM e RMN de H, C e N, empregando experimentos 1D e 2D(More)
In an attempt to identify new antimalarial compounds we studied the blood schizonticide effect of chemically defined natural products which were isolated from plants (Bignoniaceae) or synthesized. Different concentrations of these drugs (up to 20 microM) were incubated in vitro with blood forms of Plasmodium falciparum for 72 h. A total of 12 drugs of the(More)
Casearia sylvestris (Flacourtiaceae) is a plant which grows in the wild. The crude extract and pure substances from this plant induced partial inhibition of the PLA: (phospholipase A2) activity of snake venoms and some purified toxins. C. sylvestris extract efficiently neutralized the hemorrhagic and myotoxic activities caused by crude venoms and toxins.
Ipomoea cairica L. Sweet (Convolvulaceae) is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of rheumatism and inflammations. Ipomoea cairica ethanolic extract (100, 300, 1000 and 3000 mg/kg; per os) induced dose-dependent reduction of response in the formalin test inflammatory phase in mice. The same dose range did not modify neurogenic pain in formalin(More)
Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) has been widely used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, antimalarial and antivenereal. The purpose of this study was to chemically characterize the main plant components, and to evaluate the biological properties of some of the fractions derived from leaves (MACb) and liana (MACa) of this plant. Chemical characterization(More)
Transmission of Chagas disease by blood transfusion is a major health problem in Central and South America. The annual incidence of transfusion-transmitted Chagas disease in Brazil is about 20,000 cases. Crystal violet is the only trypanosomicidal agent available at present, but there are some restrictions on its use. In a search for possible new(More)