Déborah Berhanu

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Engineered nano-sized Cu oxide particles are extensively used in diverse applications. Because aquatic environments are the ultimate "sink" for all contaminants, it is expected that nanoparticles (NP) will follow the same fate. In this study, two marine invertebrates Scrobicularia plana and Hediste diversicolor were chosen as ecotoxicological models. The(More)
Dissolution of nanoparticles (NPs) is an important property that alters their abundance and is often a critical step in determining safety of nanoparticles. The dissolution status of the NPs in exposure media (i.e. whether they remain in particulate form or dissolve - and to what extent), strongly affects the uptake pathway, toxicity mechanisms and the(More)
The fate and effects of CuO nanoparticles (CuO NPs) were examined in endobenthic species (Scrobicularia plana , Hediste diversicolor), under environmentally realistic conditions in outdoor mesocosms (exposure to Cu at 10 μg L(-1) in particulate (CuO NPs) or soluble salt (CuNO(3)) forms) for 21 days. Labile Cu was determined in water and sediment by using(More)
Copper oxide nanoparticles with different shapes were used to examine the effect of shape on the various physicochemical properties (reactivity, aggregation, suspension stability) and to examine the behaviour by which CuO nanoparticles exhibit their biological response towards alveolar type-I cells. The different shapes examined in this study include(More)
In nanotoxicology, the capacity of nanoparticles of the same composition but different shape to induce cytotoxicity and genotoxicity is largely unknown. A series of cytotoxic and genotoxic responses following in vitro exposure to differently shaped CuO nanoparticles (CuO NPs, mass concentrations from 0.1 to 100 μg/ml) were assessed in murine macrophages RAW(More)
Understanding the behavior of engineered nanoparticles in the environment and within organisms is perhaps the biggest obstacle to the safe development of nanotechnologies. Reliable tracing is a particular issue for nanoparticles such as ZnO, because Zn is an essential element and a common pollutant thus present at elevated background concentrations. We(More)
The objective of this paper is to synthesize results from seven published research papers employing different experimental approaches to evaluate the fate of metal-based nanoparticles (Ag NPs, Au NPs, CuO NPs, CdS NPs, ZnO NPs) in the marine environment and their effects on two marine endobenthic species, the bivalve Scrobicularia plana and the ragworm(More)
There is increasing concern about the toxicities and potential risks, both still poorly understood, of silver nanoparticles for the aquatic environment after their eventual release via wastewater discharges. In this study, the toxicities of sediment associated nano (<100 nm)-, micron (2-3.5 μm)- and ionic (AgNO(3))-Ag on the sediment-dwelling polychaete,(More)
Increasing the production and applications of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) has led to grow concerns about the consequences for the environment. In this study, we investigated the effects of a set of TiO2 NPs on the viability of mussel hemocytes and gill cells using neutral red and thiazolyl tetrazolium bromide assays. For this, we compared the cytotoxicity of(More)
For quantum dots (QDs) synthesized in solvents that are immiscible in water, dietary, rather than aqueous, exposure is expected to be the primary route of uptake. The estuarine snail Peringia ulvae was presented with mats of simulated detritus spiked with oleic acid capped cadmium sulfide (CdS; 3.1 ± 0.4 nm) or cadmium selenide (CdSe; 4.2 ± 0.8 nm)(More)