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Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic process used to treat a variety of hematologic diseases. After BMT, the documentation of engrafting with the use of genetic markers is obligatory. C-band polymorphism is an excellent genetic marker because it occurs with high frequency in all populations studied and shows a high stability in vitro and in(More)
Cells carrying deletions of genes encoding H-class ribonucleases display elevated rates of chromosome instability. The role of these enzymes is to remove RNA-DNA associations including persistent mRNA-DNA hybrids (R-loops) formed during transcription, and ribonucleotides incorporated into DNA during replication. RNases H1 and H2 can degrade the RNA(More)
There are very few studies reporting DNA copy number changes in fibroadenomas of the breast. Using comparative genomic hybridization, we analyzed 20 paraffin-embedded samples of fibroadenomas of the breast from patients with no familial or previous history of breast cancer. No alterations in the DNA copy number were observed in any of the tumors analyzed,(More)
Titanium (Ti) is currently the most widely used material for the manufacture of orthopedic and dental implants. Changes in the surface of commercial pure Ti (cp Ti) can determine the functional response of cells, and is therefore a critical factor for the success of the implant. However, the genotoxicity of titanium surfaces has been poorly studied. Thus,(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are multipotent cells used in cell therapy research. One of the problems involving hMSCs is the possibility of genetic instability during in vitro expansion required to obtain a suitable number of cells for clinical applications. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay measures genetic instability by analyzing(More)
AIMS To conduct a morphological, functional and chromosomal characterization of mesenchymal stem cell populations from the human subendothelium umbilical cord vein after cryopreservation. MATERIAL & METHODS Five human umbilical cords were processed in order to obtain mesenchymal stem cells. Flow cytometry, differentiation assays and cytogenetic analysis(More)
A cytogenetic study on short-term cell cultures from 10 fibroadenomas of the breast is reported. Clonal chromosomal alterations were observed in all cases analyzed, involving preferentially chromosomes X, 12, 14, 20, and 22. Normal karyotypes were found in 34.9% of the cells. The present findings are discussed together with the reports on fibroadenomas and(More)
Gynecomastia is a benign condition that frequently occurs in the male breast gland; however, the cytogenetic data on this entity are very limited. To our knowledge, three cases have been reported in the literature, and the only one with an abnormal karyotype had a concomitant breast carcinoma. In this study we report clonal chromosomal alterations in a(More)
We show by whole genome sequence analysis that loss of RNase H2 activity increases loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae diploid strains harboring the pol2-M644G allele encoding a mutant version of DNA polymerase ε that increases ribonucleotide incorporation. This led us to analyze the effects of loss of RNase H2 on LOH and on nonallelic(More)
Mature ovarian teratomas are benign ovarian germ cell tumors that usually present with a normal karyotype. There are very few reports describing chromosomal abnormalities in these tumors, none of which are recurrent. In this study we report on a mature teratoma case with clonal chromosomal alterations which include monosomies of chromosomes 6, 14, 16, and(More)