Débora Levy

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In Brazil, malaria is endemic in the Amazon River basin and non-endemic in the extra-Amazon region, which includes areas of São Paulo state. In this state, a number of autochthonous cases of malaria occur annually, and the prevalence of subclinical infection is unknown. Asymptomatic infections may remain undetected, maintaining transmission of the pathogen,(More)
Mastoparan is an α-helical and amphipathic tetradecapeptide obtained from the venom of the wasp Vespula lewisii. This peptide exhibits a wide variety of biological effects, including antimicrobial activity, increased histamine release from mast cells, induction of a potent mitochondrial permeability transition and tumor cell cytotoxicity. Here, the effects(More)
To substantiate reported data and improve the properties of anticholinesterase drugs in blood-brain barrier (B-BB) research, 7-(methylethoxyphosphinyloxy) 1-methyl-quinolinium iodide (MEPQ) was prepared and evaluated as an inhibitor of both acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase (AChE and BuChE, respectively) from various sources. The second-order rate constants(More)
Fetal bovine serum acetylcholinesterase (FBS-AChE, EC 3.1.1.7) was titrated, both in vitro and in vivo, with a highly toxic anti-ChE organophosphate, 7-(methylethoxyphosphinyloxy)-1-methyl-quinolinium iodie (MEPQ). Approximately 1:1 stoichiometry was obtained for the sequestration of MEPQ by FBS-AChE in mice. A quantitative, linear correlation was(More)
Human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, EC 3.1.1.8) or acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC 3.1.1.7) from fetal bovine serum (FBS), administered i.v. in mice, sequestered at approximately 1:1 stoichiometry the highly toxic anti-ChE organophosphate, 1,2,2-trimethylpropyl methyl-fluorophosphonate (soman). A quantitative linear correlation was demonstrated between(More)
Azidothymidine (AZT) is an antiretroviral drug that affects cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the NF-κB pathway. As multiple myeloma (MM) presents with constitutive activation of NF-κB, we analyzed the effect of AZT on human MM cell lines. We evaluated the cytotoxic effect of AZT in human MM cell lines sensitive (8226/S) or resistant to doxorubicin(More)
7-ketocholesterol (7-KC) differs from cholesterol by a functional ketone group at C7. It is an oxygenated cholesterol derivative (oxysterol), commonly present in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Oxysterols are generated and participate in several physiologic and pathophysiologic processes. For instance, the cytotoxic effects of oxidized LDL have been(More)
Lung cancer is the most frequent and lethal human cancer in the world. Because is still an unsolved health issue, new compounds or therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. Furoxans are presented as potentials candidates for lung cancer treatment. Accordingly, we evaluated the efficacy of a benzofuroxan derivative, BFD-22, alone and combined with(More)
Among neglected tropical diseases, leishmaniasis is one of the most important ones, affecting more than 12 million people worldwide. The available treatments are not well tolerated, and present diverse side effects, justifying the search for new therapeutic compounds. In the present study, the activity of ursolic acid (UA) and oleanolic acid (OA) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, accounting for nearly 50% of the cases in the Hematology Department of the Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo and Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo. The treatment outcome is influenced by age, abnormal lactate(More)