Learn More
At sites of vascular injury, platelets come into contact with the subendothelial extracellular matrix which triggers their activation and the formation of a hemostatic plug. This process is crucial for normal hemostasis, but may also lead to pathological thrombus formation causing diseases such as myocardial infarction or stroke. The initial capture of(More)
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is believed to be of pivotal importance in T cell physiology. To test this hypothesis, we generated mice constitutively lacking the SOCE-regulating Ca(2+) sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). In vitro analyses showed that SOCE and Ag receptor complex-triggered Ca(2+) flux into STIM1-deficient T cells is virtually(More)
Platelet activation at sites of vascular injury is triggered through different signaling pathways leading to activation of phospholipase (PL) Cbeta or PLCgamma2. Active PLCs trigger Ca(2+) mobilization and entry, which is a prerequisite for adhesion, secretion, and thrombus formation. PLCbeta isoenzymes are activated downstream of G protein-coupled(More)
Changes in cytoplasmic Ca2+ levels regulate a variety of fundamental cellular functions in virtually all cells. In nonexcitable cells, a major pathway of Ca2+ entry involves receptor-mediated depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores followed by the activation of store-operated calcium channels in the plasma membrane. We have established a mouse line(More)
Platelet activation and aggregation are essential to limit posttraumatic blood loss at sites of vascular injury but also contributes to arterial thrombosis, leading to myocardial infarction and stroke. Agonist-induced elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) is a central step in platelet activation, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. A major pathway(More)
Agonist-induced elevation in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations is essential for platelet activation in hemostasis and thrombosis. It occurs through Ca2+ release from intracellular stores and Ca2+ entry through the plasma membrane (PM). Ca2+ store release is a well-established process involving phospholipase (PL)C-mediated production of(More)
Platelet activation and aggregation at sites of vascular injury are essential for primary hemostasis, but are also major pathomechanisms underlying myocardial infarction and stroke. Changes in [Ca(2+)](i) are a central step in platelet activation. In nonexcitable cells, receptor-mediated depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores triggers Ca(2+) entry through(More)
Platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury are essential for normal hemostasis but may also lead to pathological thrombus formation, causing diseases such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Heterodimeric receptors of the integrin family play a central role in the adhesion and aggregation of platelets. In resting platelets, integrins(More)
Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaRs) on mononuclear phagocytes trigger autoantibody and immune complex-induced diseases through coupling the self-reactive immunoglobulin G (IgG) response to innate effector pathways, such as phagocytosis, and the recruitment of inflammatory cells. FcRgamma-based activation is critical in the pathogenesis of these diseases, although(More)
Physiological platelet activation and thrombus formation are essential to stop bleeding in case of vascular injury, whereas inadequate triggering of the same process in diseased vessels can lead to fatal thromboembolism and tissue ischemia of vital organs. A central step in platelet activation is agonist-induced elevation of the intracellular Ca(2+)(More)