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To investigate their possible roles in disease susceptibility and some disease characteristics we genotyped C3435T and G2677T/A polymorphisms in multidrug resistance-1 (MDR1) gene with a single base extension method and the G34A and C421A polymorphisms of the breast cancer resistance protein gene with an allelic discrimination system in 396 children with(More)
We carried out a detailed comparative study of the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of methotrexate (MTX) and 7-hydroxy-methotrexate (7-OH-MTX) after high-dose intravenous methotrexate (HD-MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Overall, 65 children were treated with 5 g/m2/24 h MTX and 88 children were treated with 2 g/m2/24 h MTX according(More)
We investigated whether an altered individual glucocorticoid sensitivity due to particular glucocorticoid receptor single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (N363S, ER22/23EK, and Bcl-1) influences the susceptibility to steroid-related toxicities, prognostic factors, and survival rates in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In total, 346 pediatric(More)
Anthracyclines are potent cytostatic drugs, the correct dosage being critical to avoid possible cardiac side effects. ABCC1 [ATP-binding cassette, sub-family C, member 1; also denoted as MRP1 (multidrug resistance-associated protein 1)] is expressed in the heart and takes part in the detoxification and protection of cells from the toxic effects of(More)
PURPOSE High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) with leucovorin rescue is widely used to treat osteosarcoma. Our objectives were to assess correlations between pharmacokinetic parameters and the outcome of osteosarcoma and to analyze the relation between HD-MTX exposure and toxicity. METHODS Pharmacokinetic data of 105 patients with osteosarcoma treated with 989(More)
Using data from a genome-wide association study of 907 individuals with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cases) and 2,398 controls and with validation in samples totaling 2,386 cases and 2,419 controls, we have shown that common variation at 9p21.3 (rs3731217, intron 1 of CDKN2A) influences acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk (odds ratio = 0.71, P =(More)
High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) plays an important role in the consolidation therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in many treatment regimens worldwide. However, there is a large interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of the drug. We investigated the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of the folate(More)
We carried out a candidate gene association study in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to identify possible genetic risk factors in a Hungarian population. The results were evaluated with traditional statistical methods and with our newly developed Bayesian network based Bayesian multilevel analysis of relevance (BN-BMLA) method. We collected(More)
Over 14 000 patients aged 15-24 are estimated to be diagnosed with cancer in the European Union (EU) each year. Teenagers and young adults (TYA) often fall down gaps between children's and adults cancer services. The specific challenges of providing optimal care to them are described, but we present a summary of recent progress. Progress to overcome these(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of anthracyclines are limited by their cardiotoxic side effects (first of all congestive cardiomyopathy). In this study we analyzed the anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and the possible preventive role of dexrazoxane in children. PATIENTS 158 anthracycline-treated long-term survivors could be analyzed. Sixty-one children received(More)