Cyrus J. Bacchi

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During polyamine catabolism, spermine and spermidine are first acetylated by spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) and subsequently oxidized by polyamine oxidase (PAO) to produce spermidine and putrescine, respectively. In attempting to clone the PAO involved in this back-conversion pathway, we encountered an oxidase that preferentially cleaves(More)
alpha-Difluoromethylornithine (RMI 71,782), a specific irreversible inhibitor of the first step in polyamine biosynthesis, that is, the formation of putrescine from ornithine by ornithine decarboxylase, cures mice infected with a virulent, rodent-passaged strain of Trypanosoma brucei brucei. This parasite is closely related to the trypanosomes that cause(More)
Expression of Cardiac Cytokines and Inducible Form of Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS2) in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected Mice. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology (1999) 31, 75-88. Both cardiac cytokine and inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) expression have been implicated in the cardiac dysfunction associated with myocarditis and cardiomyopathy.(More)
DL-alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), rapidly depletes cells of intracellular putrescine. When administered to animals and humans, DFMO cures acute infections of trypanosomiasis. In order to determine if the mechanism of drug action is related to initiation of transformation and(More)
The effect of D,L-alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) on thiol and polyamine levels in Trypanosoma brucei was investigated by isolating trypanosomes from infected rats treated with DFMO for 12-48 h. Concentrations of thiols, polyamines and other amino-compounds were measured by an automated high-performance liquid chromatography method. The levels of DFMO(More)
Leishmania sp. protozoa are introduced into a mammalian skin by a sandfly vector, whereupon they encounter increased temperature and toxic oxidants generated during phagocytosis. We studied the effects of 37 degrees C "heat shock" or sublethal menadione, which generates superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, on Leishmania chagasi virulence. Both heat and(More)
A structural analog, 5'-([(Z)-4-amino-2-butenyl]methylamino)-5'-deoxy adenosine (MDL 73811), of decarboxy S-adenosyl-L-methionine, the product of the reaction catalyzed by S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) decarboxylase (DC), was found to inhibit Trypanosoma brucei brucei AdoMet DC. The inhibition was time dependent (tau 50, 0.3 min), exhibited(More)
Activities of enzymes involved in transmethylation reactions were determined in bloodstream trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection in rats. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine synthetase (EC 2.5.1.6), S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (EC 3.3.1.1), cystathionine synthase (EC 4.2.1.21), as well as several transmethylases were detected and localized in(More)
The enzymes of the arginine dihydrolase pathway were demonstrated in Tritrichomonas foetus and their subcellular localization determined for both T. foetus and Trichomonas vaginalis. Ornithine carbamyltransferase (anabolic and catabolic activities), ornithine decarboxylase and carbamate kinase activity were localized predominately (56-80%) in the non(More)