Cyrus B. Munshi

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Human CD38 is a multifunctional protein involved in diverse functions. As an enzyme, it is responsible for the synthesis of two Ca2+ messengers, cADPR and NAADP; as an antigen, it is involved in regulating cell adhesion, differentiation, and proliferation. Besides, CD38 is a marker of progression of HIV-1 infection and a negative prognostic marker of B-CLL.(More)
CD38 is a ubiquitous protein originally identified as a lymphocyte antigen and recently also found to be a multifunctional enzyme participating in the synthesis and metabolism of two Ca(2+) messengers, cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate. It is homologous to Aplysia ADP-ribosyl cyclase, where the crystal structure has(More)
The enzymatic cleavage of the nicotinamide-glycosidic bond on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) has been proposed to go through an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state. Because of the instability of the ionic intermediate, there has been no structural report on such a transient reactive species. Human CD38 is an ectoenzyme that can use NAD(+) to(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a Ca2+ mobilizing cyclic nucleotide derived from NAD+, is rapidly emerging as an endogenous modulator of Ca2(+)-induced Ca2+ release mechanisms in various cellular systems. ADP ribosyl cyclase, first isolated from the marine invertebrate Aplysia californica, cyclizes NAD+ to cADPR. In this study we have utilized the methylotrophic(More)
Human recombinant CD38 catalyzes the formation of both cyclic ADP-ribose and ADP-ribose products from NAD+ and hydrolyzes cyclic ADP-ribose to ADP-ribose. The corresponding GDP products are formed from NGD+. The enzyme was characterized by substrate and inhibition kinetics, exchange studies, rapid-quench reactions, and stopped-flow-fluorescence spectroscopy(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase and CD38 are multi-functional enzymes involved in calcium signaling. Both can cyclize NAD and its guanine analog, NGD, at two different sites of the purine ring, N1 and N7, respectively, to produce cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and cyclic GDP-ribose, a fluorescent but inactive analog. Both enzymes can also catalyze the exchange of the(More)
CD38 is a multifunctional enzyme involved in metabolizing two Ca(2+) messengers, cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP). When incubated with NAD, CD38 predominantly hydrolyzes it to ADP-ribose (NAD glycohydrolase), but a trace amount of cADPR is also produced through cyclization of the substrate. Site-directed(More)
A comparison of two methods of selenium application, banding and foliar spray, of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) on total glycoalkaloid (TGA) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) was studied during each of two consecutive years. The levels of application used were 0.0, 1.6 (0.75), 3.36 (1.5), and 5.6 (2.5) kg/ha (ppm soil). Both TGA and NO3-N were significantly reduced(More)