Cyrilla H Wideman

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Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A receptor modulators constitute the majority of clinically relevant sedative-hypnotics. Zolpidem (Ambien) is a nonbenzodiazepine GABA-A receptor modulator that binds with high affinity to GABA-A receptors expressing alpha-1 subunits. The present study examined the effects of a new approach to the oral administration of(More)
The effect of intermittent glucose administration on the circadian rhythm of body temperature was studied in rats to provide evidence of sugar addiction, withdrawal and relapse. Metabolic and behavioral phenomena were also observed. Biotelemetry transmitters recorded body temperature for the duration of the 4-week experiment. Rats were divided into an(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a laboratory animal model of human shift work. Two methods of monitoring circadian rhythms in rats were employed: an activity wheel cage, where number of wheel revolutions (WR) were counted, and an internal radio transmitter, which recorded gross motor activity (GMA) and body temperature (BT). Rats were implanted(More)
Melatonin levels, metabolic parameters, circadian rhythm activity patterns, and behavior were observed in rats subjected to a 12-h/12-h light/dark cycle (LD) compared to animals exposed to continuous dark (DD) or continuous light (LL). LD and DD animals were similar in melatonin levels, food intake, relative food intake, feed efficiency, water intake,(More)
In order to examine the effects of hippocampal lesions on plasma corticosterone levels and ulcer formation, 4 conditions were studied: (1) unrestrained nondeprived (2) unrestrained 24 h food-deprived (3) simple restraint and (4) restraint plus intermittent shock. In the unrestrained and unrestrained plus 24 h food-deprived conditions, neither animals with(More)
Vasopressin-containing Long-Evans and vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro rats were maintained in individual cages while telemetered activity (AC) and body temperature (BT) data were collected. Rats were initially exposed to a 12 h/12-h light/dark cycle (photic zeitgeber) and were allowed ad-libitum access to food and water. Daily feeding, care, and handling(More)
Telemetered body temperature (BT), heart rate (HR), and activity (AC) data were collected in vasopressin-containing Long-Evans (LE) and vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro (DI) rats. The rats were exposed to a 12/12 h light/dark cycle under three conditions: 1) ad lib feeding throughout the 24-h cycle, 2) two scheduled-feeding periods during the diurnal(More)
To investigate the role of the hormone vasopressin (VP) in mediating the response of an organism to food restriction stress-induced analgesia, tail flick latencies and scored qualitative behavioral responses were recorded in VP-containing (LE) rats and VP-deficient (DI) rats. These variables were measured under nonstressed (ad lib) and stressed (food(More)
Corticosterone levels and ulcers were compared in vasopressin-containing (LE) and vasopressin-deficient (DI) rats under ad lib and food-restricted conditions. In the ad lib situation, DI and LE rats had similar corticosterone levels and no ulcers. After 1 day of food restriction, the corticosterone levels were elevated in DI and LE rats, with a(More)
Telemetered body temperature (BT), heart rate (HR), and motor activity (AC) data were collected in vasopressin-containing, Long-Evans (LE) and vasopressin-deficient, Brattleboro (DI) rats. In Experiment 1, the rats were initially exposed to a 12 h/12 h light/dark cycle under ad-libitum feeding and were then subjected to either a phase-advance or phase-delay(More)