Cyrilla H Wideman

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Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A receptor modulators constitute the majority of clinically relevant sedative-hypnotics. Zolpidem (Ambien) is a nonbenzodiazepine GABA-A receptor modulator that binds with high affinity to GABA-A receptors expressing alpha-1 subunits. The present study examined the effects of a new approach to the oral administration of(More)
The effect of intermittent glucose administration on the circadian rhythm of body temperature was studied in rats to provide evidence of sugar addiction, withdrawal and relapse. Metabolic and behavioral phenomena were also observed. Biotelemetry transmitters recorded body temperature for the duration of the 4-week experiment. Rats were divided into an(More)
In order to examine the effects of hippocampal lesions on plasma corticosterone levels and ulcer formation, 4 conditions were studied: (1) unrestrained nondeprived (2) unrestrained 24 h food-deprived (3) simple restraint and (4) restraint plus intermittent shock. In the unrestrained and unrestrained plus 24 h food-deprived conditions, neither animals with(More)
Susceptibility to ulceration induced by restraint, restraint plus intermittent shock, and activity stress was studied in 6 week and 18 week old Brattleboro and Long-Evans rats. Older animals developed more glandular ulcers than younger animals with Brattleboro rats having significantly greater ulceration than Long-Evans rats in both conditions. With(More)
Plasma levels of glucose and urea nitrogen were compared in vasopressin-containing (LE) and vasopressin-deficient (DI) rats under ad lib and food-restricted conditions. In the ad lib situation, DI and LE rats had similar levels of glucose and urea nitrogen. Variations in this pattern were observed under food-restricted conditions. The DI animals exhibited(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a laboratory animal model of human shift work. Two methods of monitoring circadian rhythms in rats were employed: an activity wheel cage, where number of wheel revolutions (WR) were counted, and an internal radio transmitter, which recorded gross motor activity (GMA) and body temperature (BT). Rats were implanted(More)
Melatonin levels, metabolic parameters, circadian rhythm activity patterns, and behavior were observed in rats subjected to a 12-h/12-h light/dark cycle (LD) compared to animals exposed to continuous dark (DD) or continuous light (LL). LD and DD animals were similar in melatonin levels, food intake, relative food intake, feed efficiency, water intake,(More)
Vasopressin-containing Long-Evans and vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro rats were maintained in individual cages while telemetered activity (AC) and body temperature (BT) data were collected. Rats were initially exposed to a 12 h/12-h light/dark cycle (photic zeitgeber) and were allowed ad-libitum access to food and water. Daily feeding, care, and handling(More)
Corticosterone levels and ulcers were compared in vasopressin-containing (LE) and vasopressin-deficient (DI) rats under ad lib and food-restricted conditions. In the ad lib situation, DI and LE rats had similar corticosterone levels and no ulcers. After 1 day of food restriction, the corticosterone levels were elevated in DI and LE rats, with a(More)
The present experiment examined the influence of modafinil on working memory in rats. Control and experimental rats were placed in cages equipped with a running wheel. The study was divided into three periods: 1) habituation, 2) experimental - in which modafinil was orally administered to experimental animals, and 3) withdrawal. Spatial working memory was(More)