Cyril Seillet

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Innate lymphoid cell (ILC) populations protect against infection and are essential for lymphoid tissue formation and tissue remodeling after damage. Nfil3 is implicated in the function of adaptive immune lineages and NK cell development, but it is not yet known if Nfil3 regulates other innate lymphoid lineages. Here, we identify that Nfil3 is essential for(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce large amounts of type I interferons (IFN-α/β) in response to viral or endogenous nucleic acids through activation of their endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLR-7 and TLR-9). Enhanced TLR-7-mediated IFN-α production by pDCs in women, compared with men, has been reported, but whether sex hormones, such as estrogens,(More)
Innate lymphocyte populations play a central role in conferring protective immunity at the mucosal frontier. In this study, we demonstrate that T cell factor 1 (TCF-1; encoded by Tcf7), a transcription factor also important for NK and T cell differentiation, is expressed by multiple innate lymphoid cell (ILC) subsets, including GATA3(+) nuocytes (ILC2) and(More)
Intestinal T cells and group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3 cells) control the composition of the microbiota and gut immune responses. Within the gut, ILC3 subsets coexist that either express or lack the natural cytoxicity receptor (NCR) NKp46. We identified here the transcriptional signature associated with the transcription factor T-bet–dependent(More)
NK cells can be grouped into distinct subsets that are localized to different organs and exhibit a different capacity to secrete cytokines and mediate cytotoxicity. Despite these hallmarks that reflect tissue-specific specialization in NK cells, little is known about the factors that control the development of these distinct subsets. The basic leucine(More)
Natural killer (NK)-cell alloreactivity is exploited in bone marrow transplantation to improve clinical outcome. Likewise, in solid organ transplantation, it has been recently shown that recipient NK cells may limit alloreactive T-cell responses through their capacity to prevent the persistence of graft-derived allogeneic dendritic cells (DCs). In a model(More)
Tissue-resident memory T (Trm) cells permanently localize to portals of pathogen entry, where they provide immediate protection against reinfection. To enforce tissue retention, Trm cells up-regulate CD69 and down-regulate molecules associated with tissue egress; however, a Trm-specific transcriptional regulator has not been identified. Here, we show that(More)
17β-Estradiol (E2) has been shown to regulate GM-CSF- or Flt3 ligand-driven dendritic cell (DC) development through estrogen receptor (ER) α signaling in myeloid progenitors. ERα regulates transcription of target genes through two distinct activation functions (AFs), AF-1 and AF-2, whose respective involvement varies in a cell type- or tissue-specific(More)
Antiviral immunity and cross-presentation is mediated constitutively through CD8α+ and CD103+ DCs. Development of these DC subsets is thought to require the transcription factors Irf8, Id2, Nfil3, and Batf3, although how this network is regulated is poorly defined. We addressed the nature of the differentiation blocks observed in the absence of these(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are essential for the initiation of an effective immune response. Despite this, our understanding of the molecular regulation of this important cell type has lagged significantly behind that of other lymphoid populations such as B and T cells, but recent development of various tools has greatly facilitated progress in the field. Here,(More)